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INGREDIENTS GLOSSARY

Armani beauty is committed to providing quality and safe cosmetic products to consumers.

Whether of natural origin or synthetic, the ingredients blended in skincare, makeup and fragrances formulas contribute to their effectiveness, conservation, texture, color or smell, while respecting the strictest regulations in the world, and beyond whenever possible.

Committed to an approach based of transparency, Armani beauty shares the glossary of the ingredients blended in its formulas:

Ingredients

Ingredients can be browsed by letter and with their names.

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Acacia senegal gumTexturing agent

Acacia senegal gum or Gum arabic is obtained from the trunk and leaves of different species of African Acacia. In cosmetics, it is used for its film-forming properties. By mixing with water, it forms a gel and can also be used to improve the texture of cosmetic products.

Acetyl tetrapeptide-9Active ingredient

Acetyl tetrapeptide-9 is an oligopeptide which helps fight signs of ageing by improving the texture of the skin.

ACETYL TRIFLUOROMETHYLPHENYL VALYLGLYCINE Texturizing agent

Acetyl trifluoromethylphenyl valyglycine is a skin conditioning agent. It is used to restore suppleness on the skin.

Acetylated glycol stearateEmulsifier

Acetylated glycol stearate promotes the formation and stabilization of intimate mixtures between immiscible liquids (water and oil), while it also helps soften and smooth the skin.

Acrylates copolymerTexturing agent

Acrylates copolymer is used to bind cosmetic ingredients and to help adjust product viscosity. It is also film-forming on the skin.

Acrylates/
polytrimethylsiloxymethacrylate copolymer Hydrating agent
Texturing agent

Acrylates/polytrimethylsiloxymethacrylate copolymer is film-forming on the skin and maintains the skin in good condition by preventing water loss.

ACRYLIC ACID/ISOBUTYL ACRYLATE/ISOBORNYL ACRYLATE COPOLYMERTexturizing agent

ACRYLIC ACID/ISOBUTYL ACRYLATE/ISOBORNYL is a synthetic polymer used to form a continuous film on the skin.

ACRYLONITRILE / METHYL METHACRYLATE / VINYLIDENE CHLORIDE COPOLYMERTexturizing agent

ACRYLIC ACID/ISOBUTYL ACRYLATE/ISOBORNYL is a synthetic polymer used to form a continuous film on the skin.

ACRYLONITRILE/METHYL METHACRYLATE/VINYLIDENE CHLORIDE COPOLYMERTexturizing agent

Acrylonitrile/methyl methacrylate/vinylidene chloride copolymer is a polylmer also used as a filmogenic agent.

Acrylonitrile/methyl/
methacrylate/vinylidene
chloride copolymerTexturing agent

Acrylonitrile/methyl/methacrylate/vinylidene chloride copolymer is a texturing agent used to adjust the viscosity of cosmetic products.

Actinidia chinensis fruit extract/ Kiwi fruit extractActive ingredient

Actinidia chinensis fruit extract or Kiwi fruit extract is used to preserve the skin in good condition through preventing water loss.

ADENOSINEActive ingredient

Adenosine is naturally present in the body and plays a role in the energetic metabolism. It is used in skincare products, especially in anti-ageing. Adenosine is used to sooth the skin and help reduce the appearance of wrinkles.

ALCOHOL DENAT.Stabilizing agent

Denatured alcohol contributes to texture of products by preventing separation and crystallization. It is known to help the active ingredient come into contact with the skin and perform its function.

What is alcohol in cosmetics?

The alcohol used in cosmetics is denatured alcohol (also called denatured ethanol) to alter the taste and avoid misuse.
In our products, it appears in the list of ingredients on the packaging, under the name "ALCOHOL DENAT." or "ALCOHOL". Not to be confused with fatty alcohols (cetyl alcohol for example), which appear on the list of ingredients with the word ALCOHOL always preceded by a term ending in "yl".
Where does it come from?

Denatured alcohol is obtained by fermenting sugar starch (beet or sugar cane) or by synthesis.

Why is it used?

Alcohol may be present in many categories of hair, cosmetic and hygiene products such as hair styling products, foundations, perfumes and deodorants. In cosmetics, alcohol is used for its high volatility (it disappears immediately after application), its drying, refreshing and antimicrobial properties. It facilitates the penetration of active ingredients into the superficial layers of the skin and promotes the deposit of ingredients on the skin or hair. For example, in make-up, it improves the deposit of foundation pigments on the skin. It is a very useful hydrolysing agent that helps dissolve certain ingredients.

• Volatile
• Solubilizing
• Facilitates the penetration

Alpha isomethyl iononeFragrance ingredient

Alpha-isomethyl ionone is an odourous molecule found in fragrances used in cosmetic products.

ALPHA-ISOMETHYL IONONE Fragrance ingredient

Alpha-isomethyl ionone is a constituent of the perfume formula.

AluminaTexturing agent

Alumina, also known as aluminium oxide, is a naturally occurring mineral found in bauxite. It is used for its absorbent and waterproof properties. It also works as an anti-caking and absorbent agent.

Aluminum calcium sodium silicateTexturing agent

Aluminum calcium sodium silicate is used to adjust the texture and reduce the visible density of a cosmetic product.

ALUMINUM CHLOROHYDRATE Active ingredient

Aluminum chlorohydrate is a mix of salts often used in antiperspirants. It reduces sweating and helps eliminate bad smell. Aluminum chlorohydrate is also known to tighten the skin where it is applied.

Aluminum hydroxideActive ingredient

Aluminum hydroxide helps smoothe and protect the skin from external agressions. It can also be used to thicken or to opacify cosmetic formulas.

ALUMINUM STARCH OCTENYLSUCCINATETexturizing agent

Aluminium starch octenylsuccinate is a complex carbohydrate, from plant origin. It is mainly used to help thicken products. It is also known to help the product stay on for longer.

Ammonium acryloyldimethyltaurate/Steareth-25 methacrylate crosspolymer Stabilizing agent

Ammonium acryloyldimethyltaurate/Steareth-25 methacrylate crosspolymer promotes the emulsification process and improves the stability of cosmetic products.

Ammonium acryloyldimethyltaurate/VP copolymerTexturing agent

Ammonium acryloyldimethyltaurate/VP copolymer is used to thickening cosmetic formulas.

AMMONIUM HYDROXIDEStabilizing agent

AMMONIUM HYDROXIDE stabilises the pH of cosmetics

AMMONIUM POLYACRYLOYLDIMETHYL TAURATEStabilizing agent

Ammonium polyacryloyldimethyl taurate is a polymer that helps thicken products and stabilize blends of water and oil to prevent the ingredients from separating.

Amyl cinnamalFragrance ingredient

Amyl cinnamal is an odourous molecule of synthetic origin. It is found in fragrances used in cosmetic products for its jasmine-like scent.

AQUA / WATER Stabilizing agent

Purified and sterilized, water helps to maintain the stability of a product formulation, appearance and texture.

Arachidyl alcoholTexturing agent
Stabilizing agent

Arachidyl alcohol helps stabilize cosmetic formulas and is used to adjust their viscosity. It also leaves a smooth and silky touch on the skin.

Arachidyl propionateHydrating agent

Arachidyl propionate is used to keep the skin in good condition by preventing water loss.

Argania spinosa kernel oilActive ingredient

Argan oil is commonly used as a moisturizer. It contains large amount of vitamin E, which is a potent antioxidant.

Argania spinosa shell powderActive ingredient

Argan spinosa shell powder is a vegetal sourced ingredient used to exfoliate the skin surface.

Argilla / magnesium aluminum silicate Texturing agent

Argilla/magnesium aluminium silicate allows to clean, exfoliate and therefore smooth the skin by friction. It can also be used to adjust the texture and reduce the visible density of a cosmetic product.

ARGININEActive ingredient

Arginine is an amino acid naturally produced by our body. It is used for its anti-aging and moisturizing properties in skin care products to promote cellular regeneration and leave the skin smoother and more elastic.

ASCORBIC ACIDActive ingredient

Ascorbic acid, better known as vitamin C, is an antioxidant used in cosmetic and personal care products to slow product deterioration and control the pH of formulations. It is also known to have a brightening and soothing effect on the skin.

ASCORBYL GLUCOSIDEActive ingredient

Ascorbyl glucoside is a water soluble, stable vitamin C derivative that can dissociate on the skin to deliver vitamin C. It is used in a variety of cosmetic and personal care products to help replenish and improve uneven skin tone, smoothen and brighten the skin.

ASCORBYL PALMITATEActive ingredient

Ascorbyl palmitate is a fat-soluble powder derivative of vitamin C. It is known to be more easily absorbed by the skin than normal vitamin C. It is an antioxidant and can protect both the skin and the product itself from radical damage. It is used in cosmetic products such as lipsticks and foundations.

Beheneth-10Emulsifier

Beheneth-10 allows the bonding and stabilization of the 2 phases of a cosmetic formula (water and oil). It is also used to clean the skin.

Behenic acidEmulsifier

Behenic acid allows the bonding and stabilization of the 2 phases of a cosmetic formula (water and oil). It is also used to clean the skin.

BEHENYL ALCOHOLTexturizing agent

Behenyl alcohol is a fatty alcohol known to thicken products and stabilize oil and water mixtures, preventing the ingredients from separating into layers. It also hydrates the skin by helping it maintain moisture.

Benzalkonium chloridePreservative

Benzalkonium chloride acts as a preservative agent by inhibiting the development of microorganisms in cosmetic products.

What are preservatives?

Preservatives are substances of natural or synthetic origin whose main role is to prevent the development of microbes (bacteria and fungi). They are widely used to prevent microbial contamination of food, medicine or cosmetic products.
Parabens and phenoxyethanol are examples of preservatives.

Where do they come from?

Preservatives are most often synthetic substances of different chemical families (aldehydes, parabens, phenoxyethanol, organic acids).
They can also be of natural origin and chemically transformed (e.g: benzoic or salicylic acid).

What are they used for?

Preservatives are used in cosmetic products to preserve product quality and guarantee consumer safety by preventing the growth of microbes. A poorly protected and contaminated cosmetic product poses a risk to the consumer and can lead to irritations or infections.
Essential to ensure the protection of certain categories of products from microbial contamination that can occur during manufacturing or after repeated use.
Cosmetic products have a so-called long lifetime (6 to 24 months after opening) and, unlike perishable foods, are kept at room temperature.

Why are they questioned?

They are often accused of causing allergies, playing a role in the occurrence of certain cancers, and are singled out as endocrine disruptors.

Facts:

• The number and concentration of preservatives that can be used in cosmetic products are very limited and strictly regulated by numerous international regulations.

• The safety data of these preservatives are very often re-examined by the scientific experts of the international health authorities, in order to take into account the most recent studies.

• At this occasion, the concentrations that can be used in cosmetic products can be adjusted in order to eliminate the potential impacts on the consumer’s health.

Why and how do we use them?

We use a very limited number of selected preservatives for certain categories of products. Their concentrations are rigorously determined to guarantee the right level of microbiological protection of the product, in the strict respect of international regulations, while ensuring a perfect innocuity for the consumer.

We use different kinds of preservatives: if the same preservatives are constantly used, this leads to a higher exposure and therefore a higher risk of allergy for the consumer.

The preservatives used in organic products are of natural origin and chemically transformed. We already use some of them in our products, but given their intrinsic allergenic potential (increased risks of contact allergy), we want to gather more cosmetovigilance data before using them on a larger scale. In addition, their specific characteristics mean that they cannot be used in all formulations.

We are developing more and more specific packaging and new formulations that are not vulnerable to microbiological contamination.

BENZYL ALCOHOL Fragrance ingredient

Benzyl alcohol helps to preserve the quality of the formula over time

BENZYL SALICYLATE Fragrance ingredient

Benzyl salicylate is a constituent of the perfume formula.

BETA-CAROTENE/ CI 75130Colorant/pigment

Beta-carotene has an orange colour and is used to colour cosmetic products and/or the skin.

BETAINEActive ingredient

Betaine is an aluminum derivate known to be efficient at retaining water which is why it is primarily used in cosmetic and skincare products for its moisturizing properties. When used on the skin, the betaine gives it a silky, smooth feel.

BHTStabilizing agent

BHT (Butylated Hydroxytoluene) is an antioxidant added to a variety of skin and hair care products as it is known to prevent the formation of free radicals. It can also protect other ingredients in a formulation in the same way.
To identify BHT in our products, take a look at the ingredients list on packaging. It can be found under the acronym "BHT".

Where does it come from?

In cosmetics, BHT is of synthetic origin. BHT is formulated in the laboratory.

What is it used for?

BHT is used in various cosmetic products, including certain formulas containing fats or in aqueous emulsions containing certain active ingredients or plant extracts.
It is used in certain products to stabilise and protect the raw materials themselves, and less as an ingredient in and of itself
It can resist to high temperatures (unlike some natural antioxidants): it is therefore very useful in certain raw material manufacturing processes
We exceptionally use it as an ingredient for its antioxidant properties, helping to protect the products of oxidation and ensure the quality and stability of formulas

Why is it questioned?

BHT is accused of being an endocrine disruptor and of having toxic effects on the liver, kidneys and lungs at extreme doses, by ingestion. BHT is also suspected of having a potential for bioaccumulation in aquatic species. Lastly, it is wrongly accused of carrying a carcinogenic potential because it is confused with another ingredient called BHA.

Facts:

• BHT is not an endocrine disruptor according to the definition by the World Health Organization (WHO), whose role is to direct and coordinate international health within the United Nations

• Studies showing the potential toxicity of BHT have been performed under conditions that are in no way similar to cosmetic use: ingestion of very high doses. More information here

• BHT is not considered a bioaccumulative substance for the aquatic environment. It has been evaluated by Sweden in the context of the 2004 European Working Group on Persistence, Bioaccumulability and Toxicity of Products on the Environment

Why and how do we use it?

BHT is an antioxidant that prevents the oxidation of products, and in particular the fatty phase of formulas that are likely to rancor or degrade when in contact with the air. It enables to maintain the properties and performance of a product when exposed to air.

We always use BHT at an optimal and regulated concentration level: 0.1% in leave-on products and 0.5% in rinse-off products. The safety of our products and ingredients is an absolute priority. We only market products that are safe which have been subject to a very strict evaluation of their quality and safety by internal and third party experts.

As part of our commitment to continuous improvement, we are working with our suppliers to stop the use of BHT as a protecting agent of raw materials.

BIFIDA FERMENT LYSATEISActive ingredient

Bifida Ferment Lysateis a natural extract obtained from friendly bifidobacteria that is used in skincare products like anti-ageing creams. This ingredient can help protect the skin from damage caused particularly by UV light thanks to its antioxidant properties. It also contributes to reducing skin sensitivity by strengthening the natural skin barrier.

BIOSACCHARIDE GUM-1 Hydrating agent

Biosaccharide gum-1 is obtained by biofermentation and acts as hyaluronic acid. It is known for creating a moisture binding film on the skin and is suitable for dry and sensitive skin.

BISABOLOLActive ingredient

Bis-ethylhexyloxyphenol methoxyphenyl triazine is an oil-soluble organic compound that functions as a broad-spectrum UV absorber, meaning it can absorb both UVA and UVB radiation. It is added to sunscreens and personal care products to protect the skin from sun-related damage. It is also used to increase the lifetime of sunscreen products by providing long-lasting protection and by protecting other photo-protective ingredients from degradation.

BIS-DIGLYCERYL POLYACYLADIPATE-2 Hydrating agent

Bis-diglyceryl polyacyladipate-2 is a popular ingredient in lipsticks, but can also be used in other products such as foundation. It is known for its high water-binding capacity and known to adhere well to skin. Because of its thick consistency it can also be used to thicken a product.

Bis-PEG/PPG-14/14 dimethicone Emulsifier

Bis-PEG/PPG-14/14 promotes the formation and stabilization of intimate mixtures between immiscible liquids (water and oil). It also helps soften, smooth and maintain the skin in good condition by preventing water loss

Silicones are synthetic ingredients that come in the form of oils and gels with a more or less thick texture.

To identify them in our products, take a look at the ingredients list on packaging. They can be found under names such as "dimethicone", "cyclopentasiloxane", "dimethiconol", "phenyl trimethicone", "amodimethicone", "cyclomethicone". The easiest way to identify silicones is to look for words that end in one of these: –cone, –conol, –silane or –siloxane.

Where do they come from?

Silicones used in cosmetics are of synthetic origin.
Silicones are ingredients synthesized from silicon, a mineral compound found abundantly in nature as silica, the main constituent of sand.

What are they used for?

Silicones are used in some cosmetic products thanks to their unique sensory benefits and properties:
Long lasting effect in lipstick
Silicones are smoothing: they give products like creams or make-up a silky, spreadable, luxurious texture
Shine and softness in shampoo and other hair care products

Why are they questioned?

Silicones are accused of causing skin congestion, clogging pores and dehydrating the skin. They are also said to have an occlusive effect on hair, making it greasy again quite fast.
Silicones are not easily biodegradable in the environment, meaning some silicones accumulate.
Lastly, the silicone called cyclotetrasiloxane (D4) is suspected of having carcinogenic, mutagenic or toxic effects for reproduction.

Facts:

• There is no scientific evidence that hair products containing silicones have a negative impact on scalp health (greasing or other undesirable effect)

• We always choose silicones that are at once highly performing and with the least impact on the environment. Cyclopentasiloxane (D5) and cyclohexasiloxane (D6) are currently being evaluated at European level under the PBT criteria (Persistent, Bioaccumulative, Toxic) for the environment.

• We don’t use D4.

Why and how do we use them?

The silicones we use allow to achieve a wide range of textures and a high level of product performance, especially in terms of shine and lightness.

We favor the use of silicones which have the least environmental impact. Furthermore, efforts are continuously being made to improve the biodegradability of our formulas in general.
D5 is only used in our rinse-off products.

Bis-peg-18 methyl ether dimethyl silaneEmulsifier

Bis-peg-18 methyl ether dimethyl silane is typically used in cleansing products as it is a mild cleanser wich can also prevent the skin from deshydrating

Boron nitrideActive ingredient

Boron nitride is a matifying and opacifying agent.

BUTYL METHOXYDIBENZOYLMETHANEsun filter

Butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane, also called avobenzone, is often used in sunscreen. It is known to absorb UVA rays and can thereby help prevent premature skin ageing and help prevent the risk of skin cancer. It is generally combined with other UV filters that absorb UVB rays.

What are sun filters?

Sun filters are essential ingredients that protect the skin from sun damage and prevent the risks of skin cancer such as melanoma as well as sunburn, premature aging of the skin, or the appearance of spots.
Organic filters absorb UVA and UVB rays, while mineral filters reflect mainly UVB radiation.
Each sun filter provides a specific type of protection, which is why sunscreen products or daily photo-protection products (day cream with SPF) are usually composed of a combination of filters to guarantee the most adapted protection.

To identify sun filters in our products, take a look at the ingredients list on packaging. They can be found under the names mexoryl, octocrylene, tinosorb (organic filters), titanium dioxide, zinc oxide (mineral filters).


Where do they come from?

Sun filters consist of mineral compounds (originating from rocks and which reflect UV rays) or organic compounds (originating from carbon and which absorb UV rays) that are transformed to obtain sunscreens.


What are they used for?

Sun filters are ingredients used in sunscreen and skincare products to protect the skin from sun damage.

Sunscreens prevent the risk of skin cancer by protecting the skin from UVA and UVB rays
They protect against skin reactions and sunburns
They protect the skin from premature ageing by preventing UVA rays from penetrating deeper into the skin


Why are they questioned?

Certain organic filters are accused of causing allergies, while others are pointed out as being endocrine disruptors. Mineral filters - when in nanometric form - are suspected of crossing biological barriers like the skin or mucous membranes, and spreading into the body, causing certain types of cancer. Lastly, sun filters are said to impact the environment and in particular coral reefs.


Facts:

• Sun filters are not endocrine disruptors according to the definition of the World Health Organization, whose role is to direct and coordinate international health within the United Nations

• In nanometric form, they are safe, as confirmed by the EU Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety (SCCS), and do not cross the skin barrier.

• Lastly, according to the scientific community, they do not contribute to the bleaching of coral reefs. This phenomenon is mainly due to the rise in temperature of oceans linked to global warming. Secondary reasons are overfishing, the poor purification of urban effluents or the water streaming on agricultural surfaces that pollute the lagoons.


Why and how do we use them?

We use sun filters only in products where they are required to protect the skin from sun damage (skin cancer, sunburn, premature aging of the skin, appearance of spots).
A regular application of sunscreen helps maintain the protective effects on skin. We develop various products and textures (sprays, mists...), encouraging consumers to use sunscreen and reapply them as often as necessary.

We always choose a combination and quantity of filters that provide both an optimal level of protection and tolerance, coupled with a minimal environmental impact.
All of our products undergo a strict evaluation of their quality and safety for humans as well as for the environment before they are placed on the market. This is a fundamental principle that we apply anywhere in the world.

For more than 20 years, our environmental research laboratory has been working to understand and always improve the impact of our sunscreen products on the aquatic environment.
To benefit from the latest scientific advances, we collaborate with research teams of excellence such as the Monaco Scientific Center, the Criobe and the Tara Foundation. In fact, the Monaco Scientific Center and Giorgio Armani Beauty Research & Innovation have just published their findings on the absence of harmful effects of UV filters used in cosmetics on the photosynthetic activity of corals.

BUTYLENE GLYCOLTexturing agent

Butylene glycol helps the different components of a product to blend together easily and form a uniform and smooth product. It can also maintain moisture levels.

ButylparabenPreservative

Parabens are preservatives used in some cosmetics to preserve product quality and guarantee consumer safety by preventing the growth of microbes.
To identify them in our products, take a look at the ingredients list on packaging. They can be found under names such as “methylparaben” or “propylparaben” among others.

Where do they come from?

In cosmetics, parabens are of synthetic origin.
Parabens also come from nature and are present in food items such as red fruits, carrots and royal jelly.

What are they used for?

Most hygiene and beauty products contain water, which makes them prone to the growth of harmful pathogens (fungal and bacterial) which could lead to mold, the breakdown of the product and more. Parabens have been used in medicine and cosmetics for close to a century.
Antifungal and antibacterial properties
Preventing contamination
Ensuring the product is safe for consumers

Why are they questioned?

A few non-clinical studies suggested that a certain type of parabens (long chain parabens) might cause endocrine disruption and breast cancer.

The facts:

• The most widely used group of preservatives in cosmetics are short-chain parabens. They are safe, gentle, and efficient preservatives.

• These facts are repeatedly confirmed by the EU’s Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety (SCCS).

Why and how do we use them?

We use short-chain parabens (methyl- and ethyl-) in an optimal concentration level to ensure our products are well protected against microbes, and that they can be safely used by consumers.
As it is the case for all of our products, those containing parabens undergo a strict evaluation of their quality and safety by internal and third party experts before they are placed on the market.

We are committed to using short-chain parabens only, which are recognized as perfectly safe by the EU’s Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety.
Short-chain parabens are well known to be safe preservatives.

Short-chain parabens are biodegradable.
They do not pose any threat to the environment

Butylphenyl methylpropionalFragrance ingredient

Butylphenyl methylpropional or lilial is an odourous molecule found in fragrances used in cosmetic products.

BUTYROSPERMUM PARKII BUTTERActive ingredient

Butyrospermum parkii butter is naturally obtained from the nut of the African shea tree. It helps moisturize and soothe the skin while protecting it by forming a film on it.

C11-15 PARETH-40Emulsifier

C11-15 PARETH-40 is a surfactant, it reduces the surface tension of cosmetics and contributes to the uniform distribution of the product during its use. Also know as a cleaning agent.

C11-15 pareth-7Emulsifier

C11-15 pareth-7 allows the bonding and stabilization of the 2 phases of a cosmetic formula (water and oil).

C12-15 alkyl benzoateHydrating agent
Preservative

C12-15 alkyl benzoate helps soften and maintain the skin in good condition by preventing water loss. It can also be used as an antimicrobial agent, mainly in sunscreens.

C13-14 ISOPARAFFIN Texturing agent

C13-14 isoparaffin is known to form a film on the skin and helps oil- and water-based ingredients blend together to form a uniform formula.

C20-40 acidEmulsifier

C20-40 acid allows the bonding and stabilization of the 2 phases of a cosmetic formula (water and oil). It is also a mild cleanser.

C20-40 alcohols Texturing agent

C20-40 alcohols allows the bonding and stabilization of the 2 phases of a cosmetic formula (water and oil). It can also be used to thicken the product.

C30-45 ALKYLDIMETHYLSILYL POLYPROPYLSILSESQUIOXANE Texturing agent

C30-45 ALKYLDIMETHYLSILYL POLYPROPYLSILSESQUIOXANE is a silicone.It produces a continuous film on skin.

CAFFEINEActive ingredient

Caffeine is a stimulant extracted from coffee during the process of decaffeination. Widely used in cosmetics, notably in facial and anti-cellulite creams, it is known to reduce the feeling of water retention. It is also an antioxidant.

Calcium aluminum borosilicateTexturing agent

Calcium aluminum borosilicate is a bulking agent. It is used to decrease the visible density of cosmetic products.

Calcium sodium borosilicateTexturing agent

Calcium sodium borosilicate is considered a bulking agent, it reduces the visible density of cosmetic products.

CAMELLIA OLEIFERA SEED OIL Active ingredient

Camellia oil contains vitamins, A, B, and E and various minerals, making it an excellent antioxidant and protecting the skin from free radicals. It is known to hydrate the skin by forming a protective barrier that prevents moisture loss and is added to skincare creams and make-up removers to leave the skin soft and soothed.

Caprylhydroxamic acidStabilizing agent

Caprylhydroxamic acid is used to chelate metal ions naturally found in water that could affect the stability and/or appearance of cosmetic products.

CAPRYLIC/CAPRIC TRIGLYCERIDE Texturing agent

Caprylic/capric triglyceride is an ingredient used in a variety of skincare products such as lotions, creams and gels. It is known to help a product spread on the skin and to form a light, non-greasy layer that leaves the skin smooth and protects it from moisture loss.

CAPRYLOYL GLYCINEActive ingredient

Capryloyl glycine is a lipo amino acid known to help water and oil mix and can thus help enhance the cleansing effects of water on both skin and hair. Capryloyl glycine is often found in anti-imperfection products as it reduces excessive sebum at the skin surface.

CAPRYLOYL SALICYLIC ACIDActive ingredient

Capryloyl salicylic acid is an aromatic compound, lipophilic derivative of salicylic acid found in a variety of cosmetics. Capryloyl salicylic acid stimulates skin renewal. It is also known to smoothen the skin with its natural exfoliant action.

Caprylyl glycolHydrating agent

Caprylyl Glycol helps maintain the skin in good condition by preventing water loss and helps soften the skin. It can also be used to retain water in a cosmetic product.

Caprylyl methiconeTexturing agent

Caprylyl methicone is used to maintain the skin in good condition.

CarbomerTexturing agent

Carbomers promotes the emulsification process and improves the stability of cosmetic emulsions. They can also be used to form a gel and increase the viscosity in cosmetic formulas.

CARRAGEENAN Texturing agent

Carrageenans are obtained from red algae and are used to bind cosmetic ingrendients or for their gelifying properties.

Cellulose gumTexturing agent

Cellulose gum is a derivative of cellulose, a molecule naturally present in plants. It promotes the emulsification process and improve the stability of cosmetic products. It is also used as a film-forming agent.

CERA ALBA / BEESWAXTexturing agent

Cera alba (beeswax) is a natural wax produced by honey bees. Its emollient action creates a protective film which reduces moisture loss

Cera microcristallina / microcrystalline waxTexturing agent

This plastic type wax is highly refined. It is derived from petroleum and purified for use in cosmetics. In cosmetics it is used as a thickener and to give the products a smooth semi-solid to solid texture.

CEREUS GRANDIFLORUS FLOWER EXTRACT / CACTUS FLOWER EXTRACTActive ingredient

Cereus grandiflorus is known to have high antioxidant properties to protect the skin from free radical damages. It is also a skin conditioning agent.

Ceteth-20Emulsifier

Ceteth-20 allows the bonding and stabilization of the 2 phases of a cosmetic formula (water and oil). It is also a mild cleanser.

CETYL ALCOHOL Emulsifier

Cetyl alcohol is known to thicken products and to keep oil and water mixed in a stable emulsion. It is also used to keep the skin hydrated by preventing moisture loss.

Cetyl dimethiconeHydrating agent

Cetyl dimethicone helps maintain the skin in good condition by preventing water loss.

Cetyl PEG/PPG-10/1 dimethiconeEmulsifier

Cetyl PEG/PPG-10/1 dimethicone allows the bonding and stabilization of the 2 phases of a cosmetic formula (water and oil).

CHLORHEXIDINE DIGLUCONATEPreservative

Chlorhexidine digluconate acts as a preserving agent by inhibiting the development of micro-organisms in cosmetic products.

What are preservatives?

Preservatives are substances of natural or synthetic origin whose main role is to prevent the development of microbes (bacteria and fungi). They are widely used to prevent microbial contamination of food, medicine or cosmetic products.
Parabens and phenoxyethanol are examples of preservatives.

Where do they come from?

Preservatives are most often synthetic substances of different chemical families (aldehydes, parabens, phenoxyethanol, organic acids).
They can also be of natural origin and chemically transformed (e.g: benzoic or salicylic acid).

What are they used for?

Preservatives are used in cosmetic products to preserve product quality and guarantee consumer safety by preventing the growth of microbes. A poorly protected and contaminated cosmetic product poses a risk to the consumer and can lead to irritations or infections.
Essential to ensure the protection of certain categories of products from microbial contamination that can occur during manufacturing or after repeated use.
Cosmetic products have a so-called long lifetime (6 to 24 months after opening) and, unlike perishable foods, are kept at room temperature.
Chlorhexidine digluconate acts as a preserving agent by inhibiting the development of micro-organisms in cosmetic products.

Why are they questioned?

They are often accused of causing allergies, playing a role in the occurrence of certain cancers, and are singled out as endocrine disruptors.

Facts:

• The number and concentration of preservatives that can be used in cosmetic products are very limited and strictly regulated by numerous international regulations.

• The safety data of these preservatives are very often re-examined by the scientific experts of the international health authorities, in order to take into account the most recent studies.

• At this occasion, the concentrations that can be used in cosmetic products can be adjusted in order to eliminate the potential impacts on the consumer’s health.

Why and how do we use them?

We use a very limited number of selected preservatives for certain categories of products. Their concentrations are rigorously determined to guarantee the right level of microbiological protection of the product, in the strict respect of international regulations, while ensuring a perfect innocuity for the consumer.

We use different kinds of preservatives: if the same preservatives are constantly used, this leads to a higher exposure and therefore a higher risk of allergy for the consumer.

The preservatives used in organic products are of natural origin and chemically transformed. We already use some of them in our products, but given their intrinsic allergenic potential (increased risks of contact allergy), we want to gather more cosmetovigilance data before using them on a larger scale. In addition, their specific characteristics mean that they cannot be used in all formulations.

We are developing more and more specific packaging and new formulations that are not vulnerable to microbiological contamination.

CHLORPHENESIN Preservative

Chlorphenesin acts as a preserving agent by inhibiting the development of micro-organisms in cosmetic products.

What are they used for?

Preservatives are used in cosmetic products to preserve product quality and guarantee consumer safety by preventing the growth of microbes. A poorly protected and contaminated cosmetic product poses a risk to the consumer and can lead to irritations or infections.
Essential to ensure the protection of certain categories of products from microbial contamination that can occur during manufacturing or after repeated use.
Cosmetic products have a so-called long lifetime (6 to 24 months after opening) and, unlike perishable foods, are kept at room temperature.
Chlorhexidine digluconate acts as a preserving agent by inhibiting the development of micro-organisms in cosmetic products.

Why are they questioned?

They are often accused of causing allergies, playing a role in the occurrence of certain cancers, and are singled out as endocrine disruptors.

Facts:

• The number and concentration of preservatives that can be used in cosmetic products are very limited and strictly regulated by numerous international regulations.

• The safety data of these preservatives are very often re-examined by the scientific experts of the international health authorities, in order to take into account the most recent studies.

• At this occasion, the concentrations that can be used in cosmetic products can be adjusted in order to eliminate the potential impacts on the consumer’s health.

Why and how do we use them?

We use a very limited number of selected preservatives for certain categories of products. Their concentrations are rigorously determined to guarantee the right level of microbiological protection of the product, in the strict respect of international regulations, while ensuring a perfect innocuity for the consumer.

We use different kinds of preservatives: if the same preservatives are constantly used, this leads to a higher exposure and therefore a higher risk of allergy for the consumer.

The preservatives used in organic products are of natural origin and chemically transformed. We already use some of them in our products, but given their intrinsic allergenic potential (increased risks of contact allergy), we want to gather more cosmetovigilance data before using them on a larger scale. In addition, their specific characteristics mean that they cannot be used in all formulations.

We are developing more and more specific packaging and new formulations that are not vulnerable to microbiological contamination.

Chondrus crispusActive ingredient

Chondrus crispus is used to maintain the skin in good condition.

CI 14700 / Red 4Colorant / pigment

CI14700 / Red 4 is used to colour cosmetic products and/or the skin.

CI 15850 / Red 7Colorant / pigment

CI 15850 / Red 7 is used to colour cosmetic products and/or the skin.

CI 15985 / Yellow 6Colorant / pigment

CI 15985 / Yellow 6 is used to colour cosmetic products and/or the skin.

CI 19140 / Yellow 5Colorant / pigment

CI19140 / Yellow 5 is used to colour cosmetic products and/or the skin.

CI 45410 / Red 28 lakeColorant / pigment

CI 45410 / Red 28 lake is used to colour cosmetic products and/or the skin.

CI 75470 / CarmineColorant / pigment

CI 75470 / Carmine has a dark red colour and is used to colour cosmetic products and/or the skin.

CI 77007 / UltramarinesColorant / pigment

CI 77007 / Ultramarines have a blue colour and are used to colour cosmetic products and/or the skin.

CI 77120 / Barium sulfateColorant / pigment

CI 77120 / Barium sulfate has a white colour and is used to colour cosmetic products and/or the skin.

CI 77163 / BISMUTH OXYCHLORIDE Colorant / pigment

CI 77163 or bismuth oxychloride allows the give a white color to the formula.

CI 77400 / Bronze powderColorant / pigment

CI 77400 / Bronze powder is used to colour cosmetic products and/or the skin.

CI 77491 / IRON OXIDES Colorant / pigment

CI 77491 or iron oxides allows to give a uniform color to the texture.

CI 77492Colorant / pigment

CI 77492 has a yellow color and is used to colour cosmetic products and/or the skin.

CI 77499Colorant / pigment

These stable, safe, non-irritant, non-toxic pigments are used to add black colour to a wide variety of cosmetic products – notably makeup and skin care. For example, they can be added to your foundation or concealer to better match your skin tone. Iron oxides can be classified into three main colour groups (red, yellow, and black) but are often mixed together for a wider range of shades.

CI 77510 / Ferric ferrocyanideColorant / pigment

CI77510 / Ferric ferrocyanide has a blue colour and is used to colour cosmetic products and/or the skin.

CI 77891 / TITANIUM DIOXIDEColorant / pigment

Titanium dioxide is a naturally occurring mineral which is known to have UV reflection properties. Tiny particles of the mineral are commonly used in sunscreens as they can help protect the skin from damages especially from UVB rays.

Cinnamic acidActive ingredient

Cinnamic acid is used both to maintain the skin in good condition and for its pleasant scent.

Cinnamyl alcoholFragrance ingredient

Cinnamyl alcohol is naturally found in cinnamon and is an odourous molecule, found in fragrances used in cosmetic products for its cinnamon, daffodil, hyacinth and jasmine scents.

CITRIC ACIDActive ingredient

Citric acid is a multi-purpose ingredient added to a wide variety of skin-care products first for its exfolliant properties. Additionally, it is a stabilizer known to chelate metal ions naturally found in water helping the action of cleansers. Citric acid can also be used to adjust pH and/or to mask odours of other ingredients.

CITRONELLOLFragrance ingredient

Citronellol is a fragrance ingredient naturally occurring in essential oils.

CITRUS AURANTIUM AMARA FLOWER EXTRACT / BITTER ORANGE FLOWER EXTRACT Active ingredient

Citrus aurantium amara flower extract is obtained from the flowers of bitter orange. It is known to refresh and tone the skin and is mainly used in skincare products. It also has a refreshing citrus scent and can be used to add fragrance to products or to mask the odour of other ingredients.

CITRUS GRANDIS FRUIT WATERActive ingredient

CITRUS GRANDIS FRUIT WATER is used as a skin conditioning a

Coco-betaineEmulsifier

Coco-betaine promotes the formation and stabilization of intimate mixtures between immiscible liquids (water and oil). It is also a foaming agent.

COCO-CAPRYLATE/CAPRATEhydrating agent

Coco-caprylate/caprate is a mixture of esters made from coconut fats and caprylic acid or capric acid. It is used in moisturizing body oils and creams as it is known to strengthen the skins natural barrier which prevents loss of moisture.

Coco-glucosideEmulsifier

Coco Glucoside is obtained from sugar and coconut. It promotes the formation and stabilization of intimate mixtures between immiscible liquids (water and oil). It is also a nonionic foaming agent.

ColophoniumTexturing agent

Colophonium, also known as Gum rosin, is the residue left after the distillation of volatile oleoresin oil obtained from Pinus palustris and other Pinaceae species. It is used to bind cosmetic ingredients and to help adjust product viscosity. It is also film-forming on the skin.

COPERNICIA CERIFERA (CARNAUBA) WAX Hydrating agent

Copernicia cerifera wax, also known as carnauba wax or Brazil wax, is obtained from the leaves of the Brazilian tropical palm tree. Incorporated into creams it provides the skin with important fats, and this is known to reduce water evaporation and increase the moisture content of the skin. This smoothens, softens, and protects the skin. In skincare products and cosmetics such as mascara, it is known to thicken products and to add a glossy finish. The wax can also help keep the final product intact and prevent the separation of oils and water.

COPPER GLUCONATEStabilizing agent

Copper gluconate is a salt that dissociates in water-based formulations to release copper ions.Copper gluconate is often found in skin-soothing creams.

Coriandrum sativum fruit oil Active ingredient

Coriandrum sativum fruit oil, also known as coriander fruit oil, is used to keep the skin in good condition. It can also be used to mask unpleasant odours.

COUMARINFragrance ingredient

Coumarin is a fragrance ingredient naturally occurring in essential oils.

CYCLOHEXASILOXANETexturing agent

Cyclohexasiloxane is a form of synthetic oil used in skincare products to improve texture, as well as soften and smoothen the skin.

CYCLOMETHICONETexturing agent

CYCLOMETHICONE is a form of synthetic oil used in skincare products to improve texture, as well as soften and smoothen the skin

CyclopentasiloxaneTexturing agent

Cyclopentasiloxane is a synthetic oil. It is used for their sensory benefits and to smooth the skin.

Decyl glucosideEmulsifier

Decyl glucoside promotes the formation and stabilization of intimate mixtures between immiscible liquids (water and oil).

DextrinTexturing agent

Dextrins can be used both for absorbing oils on the skin surface and to bind cosmetic ingredients and stabilize emulsions.

Dicalcium phosphateTexturing agent

Dicalcium phosphate is used to adjust the texture and reduce the visible density of a cosmetic product, it can also be used in exfoliating products or to opacify cosmetic formulas.

DICAPRYLYL CARBONATE Hydrating agent

Dicaprylyl carbonate is an oil used in a variety of cosmetics and personal care products. It is known to form a protective layer on the skin, which locks in moisture. It can be used as an emulsifier, helping all the ingredients in a product mix. Dicaprylyl carbonate can also be used as a base or to give body to a product.

Diisopropyl dimer dilinoleateHydrating agent

Diisopropyl dimer dilinoleatehelps maintain the skin in good condition by preventing water loss and also helps soften the skin.

DIISOPROPYL SEBACATE Hydrating agent

Diisopropyl sebacate is an oil used mainly in sunscreens, but also some other creams and lotions. It is added as it is known to soften a product and also act as a solvent. This will lead to a smooth, uniform product which is easily spreadable on the skin.

DIISOSTEARYL MALATE Hydrating agent

Diisostearyl malate is an oil frequently used in lipstick and lip care products. It is added to moisturize the lips, as it is known to form a protective layer on skin which locks in its natural moisture.

DIMETHICONETexturing agent

Dimethicone is a synthetic oil used to protect the skin and improve water retention.

Silicones are synthetic ingredients that come in the form of oils and gels with a more or less thick texture. To identify them in Armani beauty products, the ingredients list is available on packaging. They can be found under names such as "dimethicone", "cyclopentasiloxane", "dimethiconol", "phenyl trimethicone", "amodimethicone", "cyclomethicone". The easiest way to identify silicones is to look for words that end in one of these: –cone, –conol, –silane or –siloxane.

Where do they come from?

Silicones used in cosmetics are of synthetic origin. They are ingredients synthesized from silicon, a mineral compound found abundantly in nature as silica, the main constituent of sand.

What are they used for?

Silicones are used in some cosmetic products thanks to their unique sensory benefits and properties:
• Long lasting effect in lipstick
• Smoothing: they give products like creams or make-up a silky, spreadable, luxurious texture

Why are they questioned?

Silicones are accused of causing skin congestion, clogging pores and dehydrating the skin. Silicones are not easily biodegradable in the environment, meaning some silicones accumulate.
Lastly, the silicone called cyclotetrasiloxane (D4) is suspected of having carcinogenic, mutagenic or toxic effects for reproduction.

Facts:

• Armani beauty always chooses silicones that are at once highly performing and with the least impact on the environment. Cyclopentasiloxane (D5) and cyclohexasiloxane (D6) are currently being evaluated at European level under the PBT criteria (Persistent, Bioaccumulative, Toxic) for the environment.

• Armani beauty does not use D4.

Why and how does Armani beauty use them?

The silicones Armani beauty uses allow to achieve a wide range of textures and a high level of product performance, especially in terms of shine and lightness. The brand favors the use of silicones which have the least environmental impact. Furthermore, efforts are continuously being made to improve the biodegradability of its formulas in general. D5 is only used in the brand’s rinse-off products.

DIMETHICONE/PEG-10/15 CROSSPOLYMER Texturing agent

Dimethicone/PEG-10/15 crosspolymer helps to ensure the smooth, slippery feel of texture.

DIMETHICONE/POLYGLYCERIN-3 CROSSPOLYMER Texturing agent

Dimethicone / polyglycerin-3 crosspolymer helps to ensure the smooth, slippery feel of texture.

Dimethicone/vinyl dimethicone crosspolymerTexturing agent

Dimethicone/Vinyl dimethicone crosspolymer is used to adjust the viscosity of cosmetic products.

DimethiconolTexturing agent

Dimethiconol helps to maintain the skin in good condition. It gives a bouncy appearance to the skin and helps soften and smooth the skin.

Dipentaerythrityl tetrahydroxystearate/tetraisostearateTexturing agent

Dipentaerythrityl tetrahydroxystearate/tetraisostearate helps maintain the skin in good condition and can be used to thicken cosmetic formulas.

DIPHENYL DIMETHICONE Texturing agent

DIPHENYL DIMETHICONE acts as an emollient and emulsifying. It promotes the formation of intimate mixtures between immiscible liquids by modifying the interfacial tension (water and oil)

Diphenyl dimethicone/vinyl diphenyl dimethicone/silsesquioxane crosspolymer Texturing agent

Diphenyl dimethicone/vinyl diphenyl dimethicone/silsesquioxane crosspolymer is use to thicken cosmetic formulas.

Diphenylsiloxy phenyl trimethicone Texturing agent

Diphenylsiloxy phenyl trimethicone helps maintain the skin in good condition by preventing water loss. It can also be used to adjust the viscosity of cosmetic products.

DIPOTASSIUM PHOSPHATEStabilizing agent

Dipotassium Phosphate is an inorganic salt commonly used in water-based and water-soluble cosmetic products such as make-up removers. It helps maintain the pH level and prevent the degradation of metallic materials used in cosmetic packaging.

DIPROPYLENE GLYCOLTexturing agent

Dipropylene glycol is a potent solvent used to help create a smooth uniform product or to thicken products.

DISODIUM EDTA Stabilizing agent

EDTA or ethylene diamine tetra-acetic acid is a chelator that is widely used in cosmetic products.

To identify it in our products, take a look at the ingredients list on packaging. It can be found under the names: “calcium disodium EDTA”, “diammonium EDTA”, “dipotassium EDTA”, “disodium EDTA”, “disodium EDTA-copper”, “trisodium EDTA”.

Where does it come from?

EDTA is a synthetic ingredient.
It is formulated in the laboratory.

What is it used for?

EDTA acts as a chelator. It “grabs” metal ions that can affect the stability and / or appearance of cosmetic products.
EDTA is used to counter the hardness of water in rinse-off products.
It helps avoid the precipitation of certain ions (calcium, magnesium...) in order to ensure the quality and preservations of products

Why is it questioned?

EDTA is accused of causing irritation when in contact with the eyes and eczema. There are some concerns regarding the persistence and bioaccumulation in the environment, given the widespread use of EDTA.

Facts:

• There exists a lot of data on EDTA. Its safe use in cosmetics for decades is well reported.

• At the concentration level it is used in our products, EDTA is a very well tolerated ingredient and allergy cases are very rare.

Why and how do we use it?

We work with our suppliers to limit the use of EDTA to protect the raw materials we use.
In a process of continuous improvement, we are working to reduce or substitute EDTA present in our formulas when possible, while guaranteeing the same level of quality and product performance.

DISODIUM ETHYLENE DICOCAMIDE PEG-15 DISULFATEEmulsifier

DISODIUM ETHYLENE DICOCAMIDE PEG-15 DISULFATE is a synthetic ingredient mainly use for its cleansing and surfactant properties.

Disodium phosphateStabilizing agent

Disodium Phosphate is used to stabilize the pH of cosmetic products. It can also be used to prevent packaging corrosion.

Disodium stearoyl glutamateEmulsifier

Disodium stearoyl glutamate allows the bonding and stabilization of the 2 phases of a cosmetic formula (water and oil). It is also a mild cleanser.

DISTEARDIMONIUM HECTORITE Emulsifier

Disteardimonium hectorite allows the bonding and stabilization of the 2 phases of the formula (water and oil).

Drometrizole trisiloxane UV filter

Drometrizole trisiloxane, also known as, Mexoryl® XL, is a patended wide-spectrum UV filter created in our Research laboratories, absorbing both UVA and UVB.

What are sun filters?

Sun filters are essential ingredients that protect the skin from sun damage and prevent the risks of skin cancer such as melanoma as well as sunburn, premature aging of the skin, or the appearance of spots.
Organic filters absorb UVA and UVB rays, while mineral filters reflect mainly UVB radiation.
Each sun filter provides a specific type of protection, which is why sunscreen products or daily photo-protection products (day cream with SPF) are usually composed of a combination of filters to guarantee the most adapted protection.

To identify sun filters in our products, take a look at the ingredients list on packaging. They can be found under the names mexoryl, octocrylene, tinosorb (organic filters), titanium dioxide, zinc oxide (mineral filters).


Where do they come from?

Sun filters consist of mineral compounds (originating from rocks and which reflect UV rays) or organic compounds (originating from carbon and which absorb UV rays) that are transformed to obtain sunscreens.


What are they used for?

Sun filters are ingredients used in sunscreen and skincare products to protect the skin from sun damage.

Sunscreens prevent the risk of skin cancer by protecting the skin from UVA and UVB rays
They protect against skin reactions and sunburns
They protect the skin from premature ageing by preventing UVA rays from penetrating deeper into the skin


Why are they questioned?

Certain organic filters are accused of causing allergies, while others are pointed out as being endocrine disruptors. Mineral filters - when in nanometric form - are suspected of crossing biological barriers like the skin or mucous membranes, and spreading into the body, causing certain types of cancer. Lastly, sun filters are said to impact the environment and in particular coral reefs.


Facts:

• Sun filters are not endocrine disruptors according to the definition of the World Health Organization, whose role is to direct and coordinate international health within the United Nations

• In nanometric form, they are safe, as confirmed by the EU Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety (SCCS), and do not cross the skin barrier.

• Lastly, according to the scientific community, they do not contribute to the bleaching of coral reefs. This phenomenon is mainly due to the rise in temperature of oceans linked to global warming. Secondary reasons are overfishing, the poor purification of urban effluents or the water streaming on agricultural surfaces that pollute the lagoons.


Why and how do we use them?

We use sun filters only in products where they are required to protect the skin from sun damage (skin cancer, sunburn, premature aging of the skin, appearance of spots).
A regular application of sunscreen helps maintain the protective effects on skin. We develop various products and textures (sprays, mists...), encouraging consumers to use sunscreen and reapply them as often as necessary.

We always choose a combination and quantity of filters that provide both an optimal level of protection and tolerance, coupled with a minimal environmental impact.
All of our products undergo a strict evaluation of their quality and safety for humans as well as for the environment before they are placed on the market. This is a fundamental principle that we apply anywhere in the world.

For more than 20 years, our environmental research laboratory has been working to understand and always improve the impact of our sunscreen products on the aquatic environment.
To benefit from the latest scientific advances, we collaborate with research teams of excellence such as the Monaco Scientific Center, the Criobe and the Tara Foundation. In fact, the Monaco Scientific Center and Giorgio Armani Beauty Research & Innovation have just published their findings on the absence of harmful effects of UV filters used in cosmetics on the photosynthetic activity of corals.

ELAEIS GUINEENSIS (PALM) OILConditioning agent

Palm oil is a vegetable oil used in cosmetics for its moisturising and texturising properties. Palm oil derivatives are glycerol, fatty acids or fatty alcohols, ingredients used in products for their emollient or foaming properties.

To identify palm oil in our products, take a look at the ingredients list on packaging. It can be found under the name “Elaeis Guineensis Oil”.

Where does it come from?

Our palm oil trees are grown in Malaysia and Indonesia, which represents 85% of the world’s palm oil supply. 40% of producers are smallholder farmers.
Palm oil comes from the palm fruit while palmist oil is derived from the kernel.

What is it used for?

Palm oil and its derivatives are used for their unique natural cosmetic properties:
- Moisturising
- Foaming, softening and solubilising actions
- Texturising

Why is it questioned?

The palm oil industry often faces criticism for the deforestation it continues to cause and its consequences: clearing of wild animals’ natural habitat (including rainforests), and depletion of valuable carbon sinks including peatlands and trees.

Facts:

• 100% of the palm oil sourced by Giorgio Armani Beauty has complied with Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) standards since 2010, following the rigorous Segregated (SG) model, one of the most demanding.

• Our ambition and achievements in fighting deforestation have been recognised. In 2017, for the second year running, L’Oréal was awarded an “A” score by CDP, the highest possible level of performance. For more information, click here.

Why and how do we use it?

We use palm oil and its derivatives thanks to their multiple benefits such as skin hydration, foaming, softening and texturising actions in products.
Palm oil and its derivatives have essential cosmetic properties with no viable alternatives.

The palm oil we use is sourced sustainably.
Moreover, in 2014, Giorgio Armani Beauty set about tracing its palm oil derivatives back to the field. To date, research has traced 95% of the total palm oil derivatives volume back to the refineries, 85% to the mills and 25% to the plantations. By 2020, at the latest, none of our products will be linked to deforestation.

We are committed to supporting independent smallholders, who make up to 40% of palm oil production, by helping them grow without causing further deforestation.
By 2020, our sustainable sourcing strategy will provide livelihood for more than 10,000 small independent farmers.

Ellagic AcidActive ingredient

Ellagic acid helps reduce skin pigmentation disorders by limiting tyrosinase activity, inflammation and oxidation.

Ethyl acetateStabilizing agent

Ethyl acetate is used to solve other cosmetic ingredients. It can also be used to mask unpleasant smells.

Ethyl menthane carboxamideActive ingredient

Ethyl menthane carboxamide is used for its tonifying properties.

EthylcelluloseStabilizing agent

Ethylcellulose promotes the emulsification process and improves the stability of cosmetic products.

Ethylene/acrylic acid copolymerTexturing agent
Stabilizing agent

Ethylene/acrylic acid copolymer is used to form a continous film over the skin or nails. It can also be used to stabilize cosmetic emulsions.

Ethylene/propylene copolymerTexturing agent

Ethylene/propylene copolymer allows to clean, exfoliate and smooth the skin by friction. It can also be used to decrease the visible density of a cosmetic product.

Ethylenediamine/stearyl dimer dilinoleate copolymerTexturing agent
Fragrance ingredient

Ethylenediamine/stearyl dimer dilinoleate copolymer is used to maintain the skin in good condition. It can also be used to mask unpleasant odours in cosmetic products.

ETHYLHEXYL HYDROXYSTEARATE hydrating agent

Ethylhexyl hydroxystearate helps to soften the skin.

ETHYLHEXYL METHOXYCINNAMATEUV filter

Ethylhexyl methoxycinnamate is most commonly used in sunscreens and various protective creams (such as anti-ageing creams). It is known to absorb UVB radiation and help protect the skin from sun damage that can lead to skin cancer and skin ageing. Ethylhexyl methoxycinnamate can also be used to help protect a product from deterioration caused by sun exposure.

Octinoxate is an organic sun filter (from carbon). This filter mainly absorbs UVB radiation, which is responsible for tanning but also for sunburn and skin cancer.
In our products, it appears in the list of ingredients on the packaging, under the name "ethylhexyl methoxycinnamate”.

Where does it come from?

Octinoxate is a synthetic organic compound (based on carbon, oxygen and hydrogen) that absorbs UV rays. It is a derivative of cinnamic acid that can be found in cinnamon.

Why is it used?

Octinoxate protects the skin from the sun's harmful effects, which can lead to long-term skin cancer. This filter mostly absorbs UVB radiation.
It has a positive impact on the texture and appearance of the cosmetic products in which it is used.
• Absorbs UVB rays
• Anti-sunburn

Why is it questioned?

Octinoxate is suspected of being an endocrine disruptor for humans and for aquatic fauna.
It is also suspected of having an impact on coral bleaching.

The Facts:

• According to the evaluation by the French Agency for the Safety of Health Products (Afssaps) in April 2012, octinoxate is safe in cosmetic products under authorised conditions, i.e. up to a maximum concentration of 10%.

• According to the World Health Organization (WHO) definition, octinoxate is not an endocrine disruptor. In the absence of a possible conclusion on endocrine disruption effects on aquatic fauna based on the available scientific data, the European authorities have requested that further verifications be carried out.

• Octinoxate has a good environmental profile: it is not toxic to aquatic organisms and is biodegradable.

What is it used for in our products?

Octinoxate, used all around the world, is a very good solvent for other sun filters, thus limiting the use of other oily compounds and limiting the greasiness and stickiness of products.

We use it in our daily sunscreen products (skincare creams with UV protection), but very little in our sunscreen products.
As is the case with all our products, those containing octinoxate are systematically subjected to a strict evaluation of their quality and safety for the consumer. This is a fundamental principle that we apply throughout the world.

ETHYLHEXYL PALMITATE Hydrating agent

Ethylhexyl palmitate is an oil which is known to be moisturizing for skin without making the product feel heavy or greasy on the skin. It can also be used to carry a fragrance ingredient in a product.

ETHYLHEXYL SALICYLATEUV filter

Ethylhexyl salicylate is frequently used in sunscreens as it is known to protect the skin from sunburn and other damages by absorbing the responsible UVB rays. It has an oily texture which is known to help provide water-resistance to a sunscreen.

ETHYLHEXYLGLYCERIN Hydrating agent

Ethylhexylglycerin is derived from glycerol. It helps stabilize emulsions and has antimicrobial properties. It is often used in creams and lotions.

ETHYLPARABENPreservative

Parabens are preservatives used in some cosmetics to preserve product quality and ensure consumer safety by preventing the growth of microbes.

EUPHORBIA CERIFERA (CANDELILLA) WAXTexturing agent

Euphorbia cerifera wax is a natural wax that is obtained from the leaves of a shrub called candelilla. It is used in cosmetics and personal care products such as mascara and facemasks as it is known to thicken products.

FAEX EXTRACT / YEAST EXTRACTActive ingredient

Yeast extract is an extract containing the cellular contents of yeast. These extracts are used in products that improve the appearance of the skin. It is known to help the skin barrier remain in good condition.

FAGUS SYLVATICA BUD EXTRACT Active ingredient

Fagus salvatica bud extract, also known as beech bud extract, enhances skin metabolism, hydrates the skin and helps decrease stratum corneum cohesion for a desquaming effect.

FarnesolFragrance ingredient

Farnesol is an odorous molecule naturally occuring in essential oils.

FRAGANCESFragrance ingredient

Its role is to give a perfume to the product.
Fragrant raw materials are present in cosmetic products, acting as a vector of sensory and emotional pleasure. They are evaluated by suppliers and internal teams in order to guarantee their total innocuousness.

Fragrances are olfactory compositions that require a perfumer's unique expertise. These olfactory compositions are combinations of fragrance ingredients. They are unique and are not protected by property rights such as patents. That's why they are closely protected by the perfumer's secrecy.

In cosmetic products, the presence of a fragrance is indicated in the list of ingredients under the name "FRAGRANCE". As the composition of the fragrance is subject to the perfumer's secrecy, only the potential fragrance allergens are available in the list of ingredients. This makes it possible to inform consumers that they are present. Fragrance allergens are synthetic or natural constituents. These ingredients are also found in essential oils.

Where do they come from?

There are two types of ingredients:
- Either obtained by synthesis
- Or extracted from natural ingredients

The arrival of synthetic ingredients at the beginning of the 20th century revolutionised the perfume world. The palette of ingredients was multiplied by four and enabled the perfume industry to reinvent itself by moving into new olfactory territories.
Without synthetic molecules in the composition of a fragrance, it would be impossible, for example, to reproduce certain fresh floral scents, like lilac, lily of the valley or jasmine... Indeed, these flowers remain 'mute' when you try to distil them or extract their scent.

Why are they used?

The role of smells in social relationships and well-being has been known for millennia. Fragrance ingredients are present in the composition of perfumes, eau de toilette and eau de Cologne. They also contribute to perfuming other cosmetic products (skin care, make-up, hygiene, etc.), where they contribute to the overall performance of the products.
• Well-being
• Products perfuming

Why are they being questioned?

Whether natural or synthetic, some perfumes or fragrance ingredients are perceived as causing allergies and others contain substances suspected of being reprotoxic and endocrine disrupting.Others are identified as persistent in the environment.

The Facts:

• Fragrance ingredients are subject to risk assessment by the IFRA [lien IFRA : "https://ifrafragrance.org/], a body which strictly regulates the use of each fragrance ingredient in each product category. The European Cosmetics Regulation is also involved in the regulation of fragrance ingredients.

• Olfactory compositions are subject to an initial safety assessment by the supplier. They must then meet Giorgio Armani Beauty specifications, which may go beyond what is required by international regulations. Our safety assessment takes account of the cumulative effect of fragrance ingredients found in any type of cosmetic product and exposure corresponds to the conditions of use (frequency and area of application). In the case of cosmetic products (excluding eau de toilette), exposure to the fragrance is very low as its content rarely exceeds 1%. This dual evaluation by both the supplier and by our teams of toxicologists guarantees that the products are used safely, minimizing the risk of allergy.

• Recent studies have included certain fragrance ingredients on lists of potential endocrine disrupters. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) definition of endocrine disrupters, fragrance ingredients are not endocrine disrupters.
How are they used in our products?
We use fragrance ingredients to create the Group's perfumes, eau de toilette and eau de Cologne products. The level of olfactory concentrate in these products can be up to 25%.
We also use fragrance ingredients to perfume other cosmetic products. For example, we put between 0.1 and 0.5% of olfactory concentrate in skin care products.

The fragrances we use in our products for babies, children and people with atopic skin are formulated to minimize the risk of allergies.

To limit the impact on the environment, we are working on more sustainable fragrances.

Gentiana Lutea Root ExtractActive ingredient

Gentiana root extract is well known for its energizing and soothing properties.

GERANIOLFragrance ingredient

Geraniol is a fragrance ingredient naturally occurring in essential oils.

GLYCERINhydrating ingredient

Naturally-derived from plants, glycerin has similar properties to the physical ones of the skin. In products, it helps hydrate the skin by absorbing water from the surrounding environment.

Glyceryl behenateEmulsifier

Glyceryl behenate allows the bonding and stabilization of the 2 phases of a cosmetic formula (water and oil).

Glyceryl behenate/eicosadioate Emulsifier

Glyceryl behenate/eicosadioate allows the bonding and stabilization of the 2 phases of cosmetic formulas (water and oil). It also helps maintain the skin in good condition by preventing water loss.

GLYCERYL DIBEHENATEhydrating ingredient

Glyceryl dibehenate is obtained from vegetal fats and oils. It is known to be effective at thickening emulsions. It can also help moisturize the skin

Glyceryl stearate citrate Emulsifier

Glyceryl stearate citrate allows the bonding and stabilization of the 2 phases of cosmetic formulas (water and oil). It also helps maintain the skin in good condition by preventing water loss.

GLYCOL DISTEARATE Texturing agent

Glycol distearate is a fat used mostly in hair-care products, but also sometimes in shower gels or lotions. It is known to be moisturizing and can also be used to help the various ingredients in a product stay mixed. However, it is mainly used to change the appearance or texture of products, as it is known to have thickening, opacifying, and pearlescent effects.

GLYCOLIC ACIDActive ingredient

Glycolic acid is naturally found in the lipids of some vegetables. It contributes to exfoliate and shed the skin’s outer surface. It can smoothen dry skin by peeling off its top layer.

GLYCYRRHIZA GLABRA EXTRACT / LICORICE ROOT EXTRACTActive ingredient

Glycyrrhiza glabra root extract, or Licorice root extract, helps maintain the skin in good condition by preventing water loss. It also helps sooth and smooth the skin, reducing roughness or texture irregularities.

1,2- hexanediolTexturing agent

1,2- hexanediol is used to dissolve other substances during cosmetic formulation processes. It also helps keep the skin in good condition.

HDI/TRIMETHYLOL HEXYLLACTONE CROSSPOLYMERTexturing agent

Hdi / trimethylol hexyllactone crosspolymer is a synthetic polymer and acts as an anticaking agent. It ensures the fluidity of solid particles and limits their agglomeration (by the formation of lumps) in cosmetic products.

HELIANTHUS ANNUUS (SUNFLOWER) SEED OILhydrating ingredient

Helianthus annuus seed oil, normally referred to as sunflower oil, is used in skincare products such as creams and cleansers. It is known to be a natural emollient and will form a protective barrier on the skin which locks in moisture. The oil can also be used as a masking agent.

Hexyl cinnamalFragrance ingredient

Hexyl cinnamal is an odorous molecule found in fragrances used in cosmetic products for its jasmine-like scent.

Hexyl laurateHydrating agent

Hexyl laurate helps maintain the skin in good condition by preventing water loss.

Hexylene glycol Emulsifier

Hexylene glycol allows the bonding and stabilization of the 2 phases of cosmetic formulas (water and oil). It also helps soften, smooth and maintain the skin in good condition.

HOMOSALATEUV filters

Sun filters are essential ingredients that protect the skin from sun damage and prevent the risks of skin cancer such as melanoma as well as sunburn, premature aging of the skin, or the appearance of spots. Organic filters absorb UVA and UVB rays, while mineral filters reflect mainly UVB radiation. Each sun filter provides a specific type of protection, which is why sunscreen products or daily photo-protection products (day cream with SPF) are usually composed of a combination of filters to ensure the most adapted protection.

Homosalate is an organic sun filter (from carbon). This filter mainly absorbs UVB radiation, which is responsible for tanning but also for sunburn and skin cancer.
In our products, it appears in the list of ingredients on the packaging, under the name "homosalate”.

Where does it come from?

Homosalate is a synthetic organic compound (based on carbon, oxygen and hydrogen) that absorbs UV rays.

Why is it used?

Homosalate protects the skin from the sun's harmful effects, which can lead to skin cancer in the long-term.
Homosalate remains stable and therefore provides effective protection during exposure to the sun.
• Absorbs UV rays
• Anti sunburn
• Stability and effectiveness

Why is it questioned?

Homosalate is suspected of being an endocrine disruptor for humans and aquatic wildlife.

The Facts:

• Under the European Cosmetics Regulation, the European Commission has identified 28 substances suspected of being endocrine disruptors. The Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety (SCCS) is responsible for examining their possible endocrine activity that is harmful to consumer safety. A first group of 14 substances will be treated as a priority in 2020. Homosalate is part of this first group. According to the World Health Organization (WHO). definition, homosalate is not an endocrine disrupter.

• Available scientific data do not show any endocrine disruption effect of homosalate on aquatic fauna.
What is it used for in our products?
We use homosalate in our sunscreen products in combination with all other sunscreens. This sun filter is a very good solvent for other filters, thus limiting the use of other oily compounds and limiting the greasiness and stickiness of products.

Homosalate is authorised worldwide. It is biodegradable, does not bioaccumulate and has no known aquatic toxicity. Its favourable environmental profile is confirmed by the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA).

As with all our products, those containing homosalate are systematically subjected to a strict evaluation of their quality and safety for the consumer. This is a fundamental principle that we apply throughout the world.

Hydrated silicaTexturing agent

Hydrated silica is used to absorb water (or oil) on the skin surface or in the cosmetic product. It also ensures the fluidity of solid ingredients and limits their agglomeration. Finally it can also be used to decrease the visual density of a product.

Hydrogen dimethiconeTexturing agent

Hydrogen dimethicone is used to form a continous film over the skin or nails.

HYDROGENATED CASTOR OIL Hydrating agent

Hydrogenated castor oil, also called castor wax is a natural vegetable wax known to increase the thickness of a formulation and is mostly used in stick-products such as stick deodorant to help ensure that the products have the desired texture, consistency and strength.

Hydrogenated castor oil isostearateHydrating agent

Hydrogenated castor oil isostearate is used to maintain the skin in good condition by preventing water loss. It can also be used to thicken cosmetic formulas.

HYDROGENATED JOJOBA OIL Hydrating agent

Hydrogenated jojoba oil is the end product of the hydrogenation of jojoba oil. It is used in a variety of cosmetic and personal care products to soften the skin and prevent evaporation of moisture.

Hydrogenated palm oil Emulsifier

Hydrogenated palm oil is used to maintain the skin in good condition by preventing water loss. It also allows the formation of intimate mixtures between immiscible liquids (oil and water).

HYDROGENATED POLYISOBUTENE Hydrating agent

Hydrogenated polyisobutene is a synthetic polymer used as an emollient and a skin conditioning agent, helping to make the skin soft, smooth and supple.

HYDROGENATED STARCH HYDROLYSATE Hydrating agent

Hydrogenated starch hydrolysate comes from starches like cornstarch. It enables to hydrate the skin and help it retain moisture. It is found in a variety of skincare products such as creams and balms.

Hydrogenated styrene/butadiene copolymerTexturing agent

Hydrogenated styrene/butadiene copolymer is used for its film-forming properties and to adjust the viscosity of cosmetic formulas.

Hydrogenated styrene/isoprene copolymerTexturing agent

Hydrogenated styrene/isoprene copolymer is used to thicken cosmetic products.

Hydrogenated styrene/methylstyrene/indene copolymerTexturing agent

Hydrogenated styrene/butadiene copolymer is used to thicken cosmetic formulas. It is also film-forming on the skin.

HYDROLYZED ADANSONIA DIGITATA EXTRACT Hydrating agent

hydrolyzed Adansonia digitata Extract is an hydrolyzed extract of leaves from the Monkey Bread Tree or the Baobab. It is us as an emollient to softens the skin

HYDROLYZED OPUNTIA FICUS-INDICA FLOWER EXTRACTActive ingredient

HYDROLYZED OPUNTIA FICUS-INDICA FLOWER EXTRACT is rich in purified oligosaccharides and stimulates the activity of skin enzymes involved in the natural exfoliation process. It favors cell renewal and help reduce lines and wrinkles.

Hydrolyzed soy flourActive ingredient

Hydrolyzed soy flour helps maintain the skin in good condition.

HYDROXYACETOPHENONEStabilizing agent

HYDROXYACETOPHENONE is an antioxidant. It Inhibits reactions favored by oxygen, thus avoiding oxidation and rancidity

HydroxycitronellalFragrance ingredient

Hydroxycitronellal is an odorous molecule found in fragrances used in cosmetic products for its lily-of-the-valley and lilac scents.

HydroxyethylcelluloseStabilizing agent

Hydroxyethylcellulose is a polymer used to promotes the emulsification process and improve the stability of cosmetic products. it can also be used to thicken a product or as a film-forming agent.

HYDROXYETHYLPIPERAZINE ETHANE SULFONIC ACIDActive ingredient

Hydroxyethylpiperazine ethane sulfonic acid is used in skincare products to help break down dead skin cells to provide exfoliation to the skin. It is also known to keep the pH level constant and maintain product quality.

HYDROXYPALMITOYL SPHINGANINEActive ingredient

Hydroxypalmitoyl sphinganine is a ceramide, a type of lipid naturally found in high amounts in outer skin layers. It is added to a variety of skincare products as it is known to form a protective layer on skin which prevents water loss and acts as a barrier pollutants.

Hydroxypropyl guarEmulsifier

Hydroxypropyl guar allows the bonding and stabilization of the 2 phases of a cosmetic formula (water and oil) and can also be used to thicken a product. It leaves a continuous film on the skin.

HYDROXYPROPYL METHYLCELLULOSEEmulsifier

HYDROXYPROPYL METHYLCELLULOSE is use as binding. It allows the cohesion of different cosmetic ingredients
It is also an emulsion stabilising. It promotes the emulsification process and improves the stability and shelf life of the emulsion.

HYDROXYPROPYL TETRAHYDROPYRANTRIOLActive ingredient

Hydroxypropyl tetrahydropyrantriol is derived from the sugar xylose and is found in a variety of skincare products such as eye balms and anti-ageing products. It is known to help reduce the appearance of fine lines and increase skin firmness and tone. It thus helps fight against visible signs of ageing.

Isoceteth-10 Emulsifier

Isoceteth-10 allows the bonding and stabilization of the 2 phases of a cosmetic formula (water and oil).

IsododecaneHydrating agent

Isododecane can be used to maintain the skin in good condition by preventing water loss.

IsoeugenolFragrance ingredient

Isoeugenol is an odorous molecule naturally present in Ylang-ylang essential oil, clove or cinnamon. It is found in fragrances used in cosmetic products for its sweet and spicy scents.

ISOHEXADECANETexturing agent

Isohexadecane is known to thicken products and create a creamy texture without a greasy feel or heavy touch.

ISONONYL ISONONANOATE Hydrating agent

Isononyl isononanoate is a synthetic ester that is used in a variety of cosmetics and personal care products ranging from lipsticks to mineral powders to moisturizing lotions. It is known to hydrate the skin and help it stay soft and supple. It is also known to act as a binder in powder formulations and help the ingredients stay together and mixed.

Isopropyl alcoholTexturing agent

Isopropyl alcohol is used to solve other ingredients and to ajust the viscosity of cosmetic products. It can also be used to mask unpleasant odours.

ISOPROPYL LAUROYL SARCOSINATE Hydrating agent

Isopropyl lauroyl sarcosinate is an oil used in a variety of cosmetics and personal care products as it is known to moisturize skin without feeling greasy or sticky. It is also known to help dissolve certain UV filters.

ISOPROPYL PALMITATE Hydrating agent

Isopropyl palmitate is used in variety of cosmetics and personal care products such as stick concealers, deodorants, and balms. It is known to moisturize the skin and to help create a uniform product with all the ingredients held well together. It can also be used as a masking agent.

Isopropyl titanium triisostearateHydrating agent

Isopropyl titanium triisostearate helps maintain the skin in good condition by preventing water loss.

Isostearyl isostearateHydrating agent

Isostearyl isostearate helps maintain the skin in good condition by preventing water loss.

ISOTRIDECYL ISONONANOATE Hydrating agent

Isotridecyl isononanoate is known for its light, non-greasy feel on the skin and quick drying matte finish. It is also known to be lightly moisturizing, and is mainly used in personal care products such as sunscreens.

Jasminum officinale extractActive ingredient

Jasminum officinale extract is used for its soothing properties.

Kaolin Active ingredient

Kaolin is a white clay composed of aluminium silicates. Kaolin is used to relieve the skin, absorb and regulate excess sebum or fight against perspiration. It can also be used as a white colorant.

LACTIC ACIDActive Ingredient

Lactic acid is used as an exfoliating agent to smooth and soften the skin. It also helps maintain the skin in good condition by preventing water loss. Lastly, it can be used to stabilize the pH in cosmetic products.

Laureth-21Emulsifier

Laureth-21 allows the bonding and stabilization of the 2 phases of a cosmetic formula (water and oil).

Laureth-4Emulsifier
Odour masking agent

Laureth-4 allows the bonding and stabilization of the 2 phases of a cosmetic formula (water and oil). It can also be used to mask unpleasant odours.

LAUROYL LYSINEActive ingredient

Lauroyl lysine is made out of a natural fatty acid and the essential amino acid lysine. It is efficient at thickening products and is often found in products such as lipstick. Lauroyl lysine is also known to help the skin stay hydrated by preventing moisture loss.

LAURYL BETAINEemulsifier

Lauryl Betaine is known for its properties to clean the skin and to keep it in good condition. It also helps to reduce the surface tension of cosmetics and contributes to the even distribution of the product when it is used.

Lauryl PEG-9 polydimethylsiloxyethyl dimethiconeEmulsifier

Lauryl PEG-9 polydimethylsiloxyethyl dimethicone allows the bonding and stabilization of the 2 phases of a cosmetic formula (water and oil). It can aslo be used as a mild cleanser.

LIMONENEFragrance ingredient

Limonene is a fragrance ingredient naturally occurring in essential oils.

LINALOOLFragrance ingredient

Linalol is a fragrance ingredient naturally occurring in essential oils.

LITCHI CHINENSIS PERICARP EXTRACTActive ingredient

LITCHI CHINENSIS PERICARP EXTRACT is a vegetal ingredient and helps maintain the skin in good condition.

MACADAMIA TERNIFOLIA SEED OIL Hydrating agent

Macadamia ternifolia seed oil, or simply macadamia oil, is obtained from the macadamia nut and is used in various moisturizing body oils and balms. It is known to help lock in moisture in skin and can also be used as a fragrance fixative.

MAGNESIUM ASCORBYL PHOSPHATEActive ingredient

Magnesium ascorbyl phosphate, is a water-soluble derivative of vitamin C known for its hydrating effects and antioxydant properties. It is used in anti-ageing and eye creams which help reduce dark circles and improve skin firmness.

MAGNESIUM ASPARTATE Active ingredient

This salt is used in skin care products such as nourishing body washes. The salt can dissociate in water and deliver its individual ions to the skin. These ions are known to soothe skin and redness.

Magnesium silicate Stabilizing agent

Magnesium silicate can be used as a absorbent. It also helps ensure the fluidity of solid particles and prevent their agglomeration. Lastly it can also be used to decrease the visual density of a product.

Magnesium stearate Stabilizing agent

Magnesium stearate can be used as a absorbent. It also helps ensure the fluidity of solid particles and prevent their agglomeration. Lastly it can also be used to decrease the visual density of a product.

MAGNESIUM SULFATE Stabilizing agent

Magnesium sulfate (also known as Epsom salt) is a naturally-occurring mineral which is added to many cosmetic and hygiene products.
It has a grainy texture and is known to be a great natural exfoliator.

MALTITOL Hydrating agent

Maltitol is a sugar that is used in several liquid products such as cleansers and foundation. It helps the skin stay hydrated by preventing loss of moisture throughout the day.

MANNOSE Stabilizing agent

Mannose is a sugar used in various skincare and cosmetic products. It absorbs moisture from the environment and retains it in the skin, thus ensuring hydration throughout the day.

MENTHOXYPROPANEDIOLHydrating agent

Menthoxypropanediol is a derivative of menthol used in skincare products. It produces a cooling effect similar to menthol, leaving the skin refreshed and soothed.

MethiconeHydrating agent

Methicone is known to helps maintain the skin in good condition by preventing water loss and smooth the skin.

METHYL GLUCETH-10Hydrating agent

Methyl gluceth-10 is a synthetic oil used to prevent water-loss of the skin.

Methyl gluceth-20Hydrating agent

Gluceth-20 methyl is produced from glucose, methyl alcohol and sugar derivatives. It hydrates and maintains the skin in good condition, keeping it soft and smooth.

METHYLPARABENPreservative


Parabens are preservatives used in some cosmetics to preserve product quality and guarantee consumer safety by preventing the growth of microbes.

To identify them in our products, take a look at the ingredients list on packaging. They can be found under names such as “methylparaben” or “propylparaben” among others.

Where do they come from?

In cosmetics, parabens are of synthetic origin.
Parabens also come from nature and are present in food items such as red fruits, carrots and royal jelly.

What are they used for?

Most hygiene and beauty products contain water, which makes them prone to the growth of harmful pathogens (fungal and bacterial) which could lead to mold, the breakdown of the product and more. Parabens have been used in medicine and cosmetics for close to a century.
Antifungal and antibacterial properties
Preventing contamination
Ensuring the product is safe for consumers

Why are they questioned?

A few non-clinical studies suggested that a certain type of parabens (long chain parabens) might cause endocrine disruption and breast cancer.

Facts:

• The most widely used group of preservatives in cosmetics are short-chain parabens. They are safe, gentle, and efficient preservatives.

• These facts are repeatedly confirmed by the EU’s Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety (SCCS).

Why and how do we use them?

We use short-chain parabens (methyl- and ethyl-) in an optimal concentration level to ensure our products are well protected against microbes, and that they can be safely used by consumers.
As it is the case for all of our products, those containing parabens undergo a strict evaluation of their quality and safety by internal and third party experts before they are placed on the market.

We are committed to using short-chain parabens only, which are recognized as perfectly safe by the EU’s Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety.
Short-chain parabens are well known to be safe preservatives.

Short-chain parabens are biodegradable.
They do not pose any threat to the environment

METHYLSILANOL MANNURONATEActive ingredient

Methylsilanol mannuronate is a derivative of seaweed used in moisturizers and powders. It binds to moisture in the epidermis and helps maintain firm, strong, and hydrated skin.

METHYLSILANOL/SILICATE CROSSPOLYMERHydrating agent

Methylsilanol/silicate crosspolymer is used to opacify the cosmetic formula. It improves the smoothness of a product and its feeling on the skin.

MICAActive ingredient

Mica is a naturally-occurring mineral. It is used in pigmented products like powdered foundation to provide opacity and give pigments a pearly, shiny appearance.
To identify it in our products, take a look at the ingredients list on packaging. It can be found under the name “mica”.

Where does it come from?

Our mica mainly comes from the USA and India.
Mica is extracted directly from the topsoil. It is one of the main compounds of granite.

What is it used for?

Mica is a safe ingredient used in lip make-up, nail polish and foundation thanks to its multiple properties and benefits:
- Sparkle and shine (e.g. in eye shadows)
- Glitter
- Opacity to increase coverage (e.g. in powdered foundation)

Why is it questioned?

In India, mica mainly originates from socially and economically challenged regions where there is a risk of child labor, unsafe working conditions, and where the supply chain involves multiple actors, which makes it difficult to completely assess.

The facts:

• Facing these challenges, we have committed ourselves to remain in India and ensure the traceability and transparency of our supply chain. We believe that discontinuing the use of Indian mica would further weaken the situation in the region. In addition, local NGOs and expert organisations are supportive of efforts made to secure the mica supply chain and thus improve the living and working conditions in the region.

• We play an active role in collective actions such as the Responsible Mica Initiative (RMI)* to ensure the responsible sourcing of Indian mica.

• As a signatory of the United Nations Global Compact, we are committed to respect and promote human rights throughout our supply chain. This commitment is one of the pillars of our Code of Ethics.

*An initiative to eradicate child labour and unacceptable working conditions in the Indian mica supply chain by joining forces across industries with support of local NGOs.

Why and how do we use it?

We use Indian mica for its highly performing properties: bringing shine, glitter or opacity (e.g. for a better coverage in powdered foundation).
When technically possible, we use synthetic mica.

Today, 98% of our mica comes from completely verified sources. Giorgio Armani Beauty is a founding member of the Responsible Mica Initiative and is committed to ending child labour practices and improving the working conditions of Indian communities whose livelihoods depend on mica.
By partnering with stakeholders (industries, NGOs, etc.) and mica buyers through the RMI, we contribute to ensuring that the sector is responsible, ethical and protects children.

We support the livelihoods of local Indian communities by securing the supply chain.
By continuing to source mica in India via a transparent and traceable supply chain, we encourage to foster economic development and improve the living conditions of workers in India.

Moringa pterygosperma seed extractActive ingredient

Moringa pterygosperma seed extract is a vegetal ingredient used to maintain the skin in good condition.

MYRISTIC ACIDStabilizing agent

Myristic acid is found in palm kernel oil, coconut oil, butter fat. It can help water and oil mix and it is known to stabilize products and improve the cleansing abilities of products.

MYRISTYL MYRISTATEHydrating agent

Myristyl myristate occurs naturally in vegetal fats and oils such as nutmeg and coconut. Myristyl myristate is an ingredient used in a variety of skincare products such as creams and lotions. It is known to make a product more opaque, but is also used to help moisturise the skin by locking in its natural moisture.

MYROTHAMNUS FLABELLIFOLIA LEAF EXTRACT Active ingredient

MYROTHAMNUS FLABELLIFOLIA LEAF EXTRACT is intended for cosmetic applications for use as a rapid hydration ingredient that promotes elasticity, firmness and smoothness of dermal and epidermal layers of skin.

NELUMBIUM SPECIOSUM EXTRACT / NELUMBIUM SPECIOSUM FLOWER EXTRACTActive ingredient

NELUMBIUM SPECIOSUM FLOWEREXTRACT is a vegetal ingredient known for its skin conditioning.

NELUMBO NUCIFERA FLOWER EXTRACTActive ingredient

NELUMBO NUCIFERA FLOWER EXTRACT is a vegetal ingredient known for is skin conditioning

N-HYDROXYSUCCINIMIDEhydrating agent

N-HYDROXYSUCCINIMIDE helps maintain the skin in good condition.

N-hydroxysuccinimide chrysinActive ingredient

N-hydroxysuccinimide chrysin helps fight under eye dark circles.

NIACINAMIDEActive ingredient

Niacinamide is also known as vitamin B3, and is a popular ingredient in skincare products but is also used in haircare products. Niacinamide help to protect and soothe the skin.

NIGELLA SATIVA / NIGELLA SATIVA SEED OILActive ingredient

NIGELLA SATIVA SEED OIL is a vegetal oil from black cumin seed known as an emolient and a fragrance agent.

NYLON-12 Texturing agent

Nylon-12 allows the bonding and stabilization of the 2 phases of the formula (water and oil).

Nylon-66Texturing agent

Nylon-66 is used to adjust the texture and reduce the visible density of a cosmetic product.

2-OLEAMIDO-1,3-OCTADECANEDIOLActive ingredient

2-Oleamido-1,3-octadecanediol is a fatty substance from the ceramide family, a family of ingredients known to form a protective barrier on the surface of the skin to reduce water loss.

3-O-Ethyl ascorbic acidActive ingredient

3-O-Ethyl ascorbic acid is a precursor of ascorbic acid, better known as vitamin C, which is known to have a brightening and soothing properties on the skin. It has also antioxidant properties.

OCTADECENETexturing agent

OCTADECENE is a solvent. It is uses as a viscosity controlling in cosmetics.

OCTOCRYLENEUV filters

Octocrylene is an organic sun filter. It mainly absorbs UVB radiation, known to cause tanning but also sunburns and skin cancer.

To identify octocrylene in our products, take a look at the ingredients list on packaging. It can be found under the name “octocrylene”.

Where does it come from?

Octocrylene is composed of organic compounds (carbon compounds that absorb UV rays) transformed to obtain this sun filter.

What is it used for?

Octocrylene protects the skin from sun damage and premature ageing. It also helps prevent risks of skin cancer.
This filter mainly absorbs UVB radiation, and also short UVA radiation, which is responsible for ageing but also for skin cancer.
Octocrylene remains stable and thus effective during sun exposure. It enables the use of avobenzone, a sun filter that is particularly effective against UVA rays, by stabilising it.
It allows sunscreen products to be water resistant

Why is it questioned?

Octocrylene is questioned due to its allergenic potential. Some cases of allergies by exposure to the sun (photo-allergies) have been identified as well as cases of transient skin irritation in contexts of high concentration of octocrylene. This ingredient is also accused of being an endocrine disruptor.

Facts:

• Octocrylene alone does not induce photoallergy. In general, cases of allergies to this ingredient are very rare.

• According to the Scientific Committee for Consumer Safety of the European Commission, octocrylene is not considered a photo-allergen or even an allergen.

• Lastly, octocrylene is not an endocrine disruptor according to the definition by the World Health Organization, whose role is to direct and coordinate international health within the United Nations.

Why and how do we use it?

We use octocrylene at a concentration level of 7% in products for adults and 3.5% in children's products, even though it is authorized at a concentration level of 10% in all formulas, regardless of the target.
Whenever possible we even go beyond the regulation. We have developed with pediatricians a specific formulation chart for products destined to children, which limits the concentration level of octocrylene to 3.5%.

Octocrylene is necessary to stabilise avobenzone: their use in association enables to ensure an optimal performance (UVA + UVB coverage).
Alternatives to octocrylene do not provide a level of protection that is as sufficient.

As it is the case for all of our products, those containing octocrylene undergo a strict evaluation of their quality and safety before they are placed on the market anywhere in the world.

OCTYLDODECANOLHydrating agent

Octyldodecanol is a fatty acid coming from natural oils. It is known to be a good moisturizer, and can also serve as a base or thickening agent for a product.

OCTYLDODECYL MYRISTATEHydrating agent

Octyldodecyl myristate is an ester of octyldodecanol and myristic acid. It is used in skincare products such as creams and lotions to provide a soft feel, and to moisturize the skin.

Octyldodecyl neopentanoateHydrating agent

Octyldodecyl neopentanoate helps maintain the skin in good condition by preventing water loss.

Octyldodecyl stearoyl stearateHydrating agent

Octyldodecyl stearoyl stearate helps soft, smooth and maintain the skin in good condition by preventing water loss. It is also used to thicken cosmetic formulas.

OLEA EUROPAEA (OLIVE) FRUIT OILHydrating agent

Olea europaea (olive) fruit oil is extracted from the ripe fruit of organically grown olive trees and is then used in skin- and hair-care products. It is known to be moisturizing for the skin and hair, and has been used in beauty since ancient times to restore a natural shine and glow. Olive oil has a nice scent, and can therefore be used as a fragrance or as a masking agent in products as well.

ORBIGNYA OLEIFERA SEED OILActive ingredient

Orbignya oleifera seed oil is extracted from the seeds of the babassu palm and is used in skincare creams. The oil is a solid at room temperature but melts when it comes in contact with the skin, which improves spreadability of a product and feels refreshing to apply. The oil is known to thicken products and to keep skin hydrated by prevent loss of natural moisture.

Oryza sativa extractActive ingredient

Oryza sativa extract is used to smooth and protect the skin from external aggressions. It can also be used to adjust the texture and reduce the visible density of a cosmetic product.

OZOKERITETexturing agent

Ozokerite is a wax used in cosmetics and personal care products. It is mainly used in stick-products such as lipstick or stick foundation as it is known to thicken, strengthen, and hold together the products. Ozokerite is also known to be used as an opacifying agent.

PALMITIC ACIDTexturing agent

Palmitic acid is the most common saturated fatty acid found in plants and microorganisms. It is known to be a great emollient and to lock moisture in the skin. It also helps ingredients blend together in a smooth, uniform mixture.

Palmitoyl oligopeptideEmulsifier

Palmitoyl oligopeptide allows the bonding and stabilization of the 2 phases of a cosmetic formula (water and oil). It can also be used as a mild cleanser.

Palmitoyl tetrapeptide-7Active ingredient

Palmitoyl tetrapeptide-7 is often used in eye products to improve appearance of the skin around the eyes.

P-ANISIC ACIDActive ingredients

P-anisic acid is naturally found in star anise. It is a calming agent that helps soothe the skin.

PANTHENOLActive ingredients

Panthenol, also known as provitamin B5 and readily converted to vitamin B5, can be found in a variety of cosmetic and personal care products for its ability to hold on to water and moisturizing properties for skin.

PARAFFINTexturing agent

Mineral oils are fats of fossil origin, colorless, odorless and tasteless that come in different forms (oils, gels...). The most known mineral oils are petrolatum and paraffin oil.

To identify them in our products, take a look at the ingredients list on packaging. They can be found under names such as "mineral oil", "paraffinum liquidum", "petrolatum", "cera microcristallina", "microcrystalline wax", "ozokerite", "ceresine isoparaffin", "paraffin" and "synthetic wax".

Where do they come from?

There are two types: mineral synthetic oils, which are perfectly pure from their production, and mineral oils from petrochemicals. The latter are refined mineral oils that are obtained after the purification of fossil materials such as coal, crude oil or natural gas.

The mineral oils we use in our cosmetic products are of pharmaceutical grade and thus very pure.

What are they used for?

Mineral oils are used in skincare, hair care products and lipsticks for their multiple benefits.

They protect the skin from dehydration.
They are efficient for cleansing and for removing make-up.
They improve the quality of textures.

Why are they questioned?

The quality of mineral oils can be put into question due to the possible presence of impurities and polycyclic aromatic compounds that are cancerous. In food, mineral oils (which are saturated fats) can lead to cardiovascular risks.
In cosmetics, they are accused of being comedogenic and occlusive (which means they could block the pores of the skin).
From an environmental point of view, mineral oils - which are of fossil origin - are accused of not being assimilated by the environment after usage and that their use contributes to the depletion of natural resources.
Mineral oils are also regularly opposed to vegetable oils which are perceived as more environmentally friendly due to their renewability.

Facts:

• Mineral oils have been used in cosmetics for more than 100 years without having ever been associated with intolerance. They are very well tolerated and do not trigger any allergies, which allows them to be used on sensitive and fragile skin types.

• The mineral oils we use are of pharmaceutical and food grade. Thus, they do not contain polycyclic aromatic compounds.

• As part of our commitment to continuous improvement, we strive to keep on reducing the environmental impact of our formulas.

How do we use them?

The mineral oils we use are not only duly authorized, they also meet the highest standards in terms of purity, quality and safety.
We only use mineral oils of very high quality corresponding to food or pharmaceutical grades. These oils have a very high level of purity and are thus perfectly safe.
Mineral oils used in lipsticks and balms - although the amounts ingested are minimal - are of food grade - the highest level of purity.

They are very stable and do not grow rancid. Their properties are complementary to those of vegetable oils.
Mineral and vegetable oils each have specificities of their own, responding to different desired effects. They are not substitutable.

PASSIFLORA EDULIS SEED OILActive ingredients

Passiflora edulis seed oil is a fixed oil extracted from passion fruit seeds. Also known as maracuja oil, it improves the look and feel of dry skin. Passion fruit oil has documented skin-soothing and antioxidant properties.

PEG/PPG/polybutylene glycol-8/5/3 glycerinHydrating agent

Polyethylene glycols (PEG) and polypropylene glycols (PPG) are humectants (which help retain or preserve moisture) or emulsifiers that can be found in many cosmetic products.

To identify them in our products, take a look at the ingredients list on packaging. They can usually be found by names starting with PEG- or PPG-

Where do they come from?

PEG and PPG are synthetic ingredients.

What are they used for?

Mainly used as emulsifiers to homogeneously mix ingredients that are normally immiscible such as water and oils.
Also used as thickening or gelling agents.
Key ingredients in cosmetic products also used as a food additive in certain food items (E1521).

Why are they questioned?

They are accused of being carcinogenic, of being toxic to the liver and kidneys and of causing allergies. They are also suspected of being toxic for the environment.

Facts

• PEGs present no risk for health. They have been used in the medical field for decades.

• According to the general opinion of scientists and health authorities, PEGs are well tolerated by the skin: they do not present any allergenic potential at their concentration level in our products. PEGs can be irritating if used pure but present no risk in formulas when used in low concentrations.

• They are not toxic to the environment, yet they are not biodegradable.

Why and how do we use them?

PEGs and PPGs allow to formulate products of many different kinds of textures. Their diversity makes it possible to offer products with various sensorialities and which are adapted to each type of skin.

In a process of continuous improvement, we are working closely with our suppliers to improve the production process of PEGs and PPGs and their impact on the environment.

PEG/PPG-18/18 dimethiconeEmulsifier

PEG/PPG-18/18 dimethicone allows the bonding and stabilization of the 2 phases of a cosmetic formula (water and oil).

Polyethylene glycols (PEG) and polypropylene glycols (PPG) are humectants (which help retain or preserve moisture) or emulsifiers that can be found in many cosmetic products.

To identify them in our products, take a look at the ingredients list on packaging. They can usually be found by names starting with PEG- or PPG-

Where do they come from?

PEG and PPG are synthetic ingredients.

What are they used for?

Mainly used as emulsifiers to homogeneously mix ingredients that are normally immiscible such as water and oils.
Also used as thickening or gelling agents.
Key ingredients in cosmetic products also used as a food additive in certain food items (E1521).

Why are they questioned?

They are accused of being carcinogenic, of being toxic to the liver and kidneys and of causing allergies. They are also suspected of being toxic for the environment.

Facts:

• PEGs present no risk for health. They have been used in the medical field for decades.

• According to the general opinion of scientists and health authorities, PEGs are well tolerated by the skin: they do not present any allergenic potential at their concentration level in our products. PEGs can be irritating if used pure but present no risk in formulas when used in low concentrations.

• They are not toxic to the environment, yet they are not biodegradable.

Why and how do we use them?

PEGs and PPGs allow to formulate products of many different kinds of textures. Their diversity makes it possible to offer products with various sensorialities and which are adapted to each type of skin.

In a process of continuous improvement, we are working closely with our suppliers to improve the production process of PEGs and PPGs and their impact on the environment.

PEG-10 DIMETHICONE Emulsifier

Allows the bonding and stabilization of the 2 phases of the formula (water and oil).

Polyethylene glycols (PEG) and polypropylene glycols (PPG) are humectants (which help retain or preserve moisture) or emulsifiers that can be found in many cosmetic products.

To identify them in our products, take a look at the ingredients list on packaging. They can usually be found by names starting with PEG- or PPG-

Where do they come from?

PEG and PPG are synthetic ingredients.

What are they used for?

Mainly used as emulsifiers to homogeneously mix ingredients that are normally immiscible such as water and oils.

Also used as thickening or gelling agents.

Key ingredients in cosmetic products also used as a food additive in certain food items (E1521).

Why are they questioned?

They are accused of being carcinogenic, of being toxic to the liver and kidneys and of causing allergies. They are also suspected of being toxic for the environment.

Facts:

• PEGs present no risk for health. They have been used in the medical field for decades.

• According to the general opinion of scientists and health authorities, PEGs are well tolerated by the skin: they do not present any allergenic potential at their concentration level in our products. PEGs can be irritating if used pure but present no risk in formulas when used in low concentrations.

• They are not toxic to the environment, yet they are not biodegradable.

Why and how do we use them?

PEGs and PPGs allow to formulate products of many different kinds of textures. Their diversity makes it possible to offer products with various sensorialities and which are adapted to each type of skin.

In a process of continuous improvement, we are working closely with our suppliers to improve the production process of PEGs and PPGs and their impact on the environment.

PEG-100 STEARATEHydrating agent

Favoures a uniform distribution of product during its use.

Polyethylene glycols (PEG) and polypropylene glycols (PPG) are humectants (which help retain or preserve moisture) or emulsifiers that can be found in many cosmetic products.

To identify them in our products, take a look at the ingredients list on packaging. They can usually be found by names starting with PEG- or PPG-

Where do they come from?

PEG and PPG are synthetic ingredients.

What are they used for?

Mainly used as emulsifiers to homogeneously mix ingredients that are normally immiscible such as water and oils.
Also used as thickening or gelling agents.
Key ingredients in cosmetic products also used as a food additive in certain food items (E1521).

Why are they questioned?

They are accused of being carcinogenic, of being toxic to the liver and kidneys and of causing allergies. They are also suspected of being toxic for the environment.

Facts:

• PEGs present no risk for health. They have been used in the medical field for decades.

• According to the general opinion of scientists and health authorities, PEGs are well tolerated by the skin: they do not present any allergenic potential at their concentration level in our products. PEGs can be irritating if used pure but present no risk in formulas when used in low concentrations.

• They are not toxic to the environment, yet they are not biodegradable.

Why and how do we use them?

PEGs and PPGs allow to formulate products of many different kinds of textures. Their diversity makes it possible to offer products with various sensorialities and which are adapted to each type of skin.

In a process of continuous improvement, we are working closely with our suppliers to improve the production process of PEGs and PPGs and their impact on the environment.

PEG-120 methyl glucose dioleateEmulsifier

Polyethylene glycols (PEG) and polypropylene glycols (PPG) are humectants (which help retain or preserve moisture) or emulsifiers that can be found in many cosmetic products.
To identify them in our products, take a look at the ingredients list on packaging. They can usually be found by names starting with PEG- or PPG-

Where do they come from?

PEG and PPG are synthetic ingredients.

What are they used for?

Mainly used as emulsifiers to homogeneously mix ingredients that are normally immiscible such as water and oils.
Also used as thickening or gelling agents.
Key ingredients in cosmetic products also used as a food additive in certain food items (E1521).

Why are they questioned?

They are accused of being carcinogenic, of being toxic to the liver and kidneys and of causing allergies. They are also suspected of being toxic for the environment.

Facts

• PEGs present no risk for health. They have been used in the medical field for decades.

• According to the general opinion of scientists and health authorities, PEGs are well tolerated by the skin: they do not present any allergenic potential at their concentration level in our products. PEGs can be irritating if used pure but present no risk in formulas when used in low concentrations.

• They are not toxic to the environment, yet they are not biodegradable.

Why and how do we use them?

PEGs and PPGs allow to formulate products of many different kinds of textures. Their diversity makes it possible to offer products with various sensorialities and which are adapted to each type of skin.

In a process of continuous improvement, we are working closely with our suppliers to improve the production process of PEGs and PPGs and their impact on the environment.

PEG-40 HYDROGENATED CASTOR OILEmulsifier

PEG-40 hydrogenated castor oil promotes the formation and stabilization of intimate mixtures between immiscible liquids (water and oil).
Polyethylene glycols (PEG) and polypropylene glycols (PPG) are humectants (which help retain or preserve moisture) or emulsifiers that can be found in many cosmetic products.

To identify them in our products, take a look at the ingredients list on packaging. They can usually be found by names starting with PEG- or PPG-

Where do they come from?

PEG and PPG are synthetic ingredients.

What are they used for?

Mainly used as emulsifiers to homogeneously mix ingredients that are normally immiscible such as water and oils.
Also used as thickening or gelling agents.

Key ingredients in cosmetic products also used as a food additive in certain food items (E1521).

Why are they questioned?

They are accused of being carcinogenic, of being toxic to the liver and kidneys and of causing allergies. They are also suspected of being toxic for the environment.

Facts

• PEGs present no risk for health. They have been used in the medical field for decades.

• According to the general opinion of scientists and health authorities, PEGs are well tolerated by the skin: they do not present any allergenic potential at their concentration level in our products. PEGs can be irritating if used pure but present no risk in formulas when used in low concentrations.

• They are not toxic to the environment, yet they are not biodegradable.

Why and how do we use them?

PEGs and PPGs allow to formulate products of many different kinds of textures. Their diversity makes it possible to offer products with various sensorialities and which are adapted to each type of skin.

In a process of continuous improvement, we are working closely with our suppliers to improve the production process of PEGs and PPGs and their impact on the environment.

PEG-40 SORBITAN PEROLEATE Stabilizing agent

PEG 40 Stearate is used in cosmetics and beauty products primarily as a surfactant and cleansing agent, because PEG Stearates' ability to clean the skin and hair by helping water to mix with oil and dirt so that they can be rinsed away, according to CosmeticsInfo.org. However, it is also seen as an emollient, because of secondary properties.

Polyethylene glycols (PEG) and polypropylene glycols (PPG) are humectants (which help retain or preserve moisture) or emulsifiers that can be found in many cosmetic products.

To identify them in our products, take a look at the ingredients list on packaging. They can usually be found by names starting with PEG- or PPG-

Where do they come from?

PEG and PPG are synthetic ingredients.

What are they used for?

Mainly used as emulsifiers to homogeneously mix ingredients that are normally immiscible such as water and oils.
Also used as thickening or gelling agents.
Key ingredients in cosmetic products also used as a food additive in certain food items (E1521).

Why are they questioned?

They are accused of being carcinogenic, of being toxic to the liver and kidneys and of causing allergies. They are also suspected of being toxic for the environment.

The facts

• PEGs present no risk for health. They have been used in the medical field for decades.

• According to the general opinion of scientists and health authorities, PEGs are well tolerated by the skin: they do not present any allergenic potential at their concentration level in our products. PEGs can be irritating if used pure but present no risk in formulas when used in low concentrations.

• They are not toxic to the environment, yet they are not biodegradable.

Why and how do we use them?

PEGs and PPGs allow to formulate products of many different kinds of textures. Their diversity makes it possible to offer products with various sensorialities and which are adapted to each type of skin.

In a process of continuous improvement, we are working closely with our suppliers to improve the production process of PEGs and PPGs and their impact on the environment.

PEG-75 stearateEmulsifier

PEG-75 stearate allows the bonding and stabilization of the 2 phases of a cosmetic formula (water and oil).

PEG-8Emulsifier

Polyethylene glycols (PEG) and polypropylene glycols (PPG) are humectants (which help retain or preserve moisture) or emulsifiers that can be found in many cosmetic products.

To identify them in our products, take a look at the ingredients list on packaging. They can usually be found by names starting with PEG- or PPG-
PEG-8 allows the bonding and stabilization of the 2 phases of a cosmetic formula (water and oil).

Where do they come from?

PEG and PPG are synthetic ingredients.

What are they used for?

Mainly used as emulsifiers to homogeneously mix ingredients that are normally immiscible such as water and oils.
Also used as thickening or gelling agents.
Key ingredients in cosmetic products also used as a food additive in certain food items (E1521).

Why are they questioned?

They are accused of being carcinogenic, of being toxic to the liver and kidneys and of causing allergies. They are also suspected of being toxic for the environment.

Facts:

• PEGs present no risk for health. They have been used in the medical field for decades.

• According to the general opinion of scientists and health authorities, PEGs are well tolerated by the skin: they do not present any allergenic potential at their concentration level in our products. PEGs can be irritating if used pure but present no risk in formulas when used in low concentrations.

• They are not toxic to the environment, yet they are not biodegradable.

Why and how do we use them?

PEGs and PPGs allow to formulate products of many different kinds of textures. Their diversity makes it possible to offer products with various sensorialities and which are adapted to each type of skin.

In a process of continuous improvement, we are working closely with our suppliers to improve the production process of PEGs and PPGs and their impact on the environment.

PENTAERYTHRITYL TETRA-DI-T-BUTYL HYDROXYHYDROCINNAMATEStabilizing agent

Pentaerythrityl tetra-di-t-butyl hydroxyhydrocinnamate is a known antioxidant, it inhibits reactions promoted by oxygen
It can help protect the skin from radical and oxidative damages.

Pentaerythrityl tetraethylhexanoateHydrating agent

Pentaerythrityl tetraethylhexanoate maintains the skin in good condition by preventing water loss and helps soften and smooth the skin. It is also used to thicken cosmetic formulas.

PENTAERYTHRITYL TETRAISOSTEARATE Emulsifier

Pentaerythrityl tetraisostearate is a popular ingredient in lipsticks and lip glosses. It is known for its ability to provide high levels of gloss to a formulation and to keep pigments evenly dispersed. It can also help increase water resistance of a lipstick and prevent it from quickly drying out.

PENTYLENE GLYCOLStabilizing

Pentylene glycol is used to dissolve other ingredients, helping ingredients stay well mixed in a uniform, smooth product. It is also known to help maintain moisture levels.

Perfluorooctyl triethoxysilaneTexturing agent

Perfluorooctyl triethoxysilane allows the cohesion of different cosmetic ingredients.

PERFUME / FRAGRANCEFragrance

Perfume ingredients are found in cosmetic products acting as a vector of sensory and emotional pleasure. They are evaluated by both our suppliers and internal teams to ensure they are completely safe.

PerliteActive ingredient

Perlite is a mineral of natural origin extracted from volcanic rock. It is mainly used in deodorants as an absorbent. It can also be used as an exfoliating agent.

PERSEA GRATISSIMA (AVOCADO) OILActive ingredient

Persea gratissima oil, or simply avocado oil, is extracted from the avocado fruit. It is added to skincare products such as creams and lotions, as it is known to hydrate the skin by helping to lock the skin lock in natural moisture.

PETROLATUMTexturing agent

Petrolatum, commonly referred to as petroleum jelly, is a mixture of hydrocarbons derived from petroleum. It is known for its ability to form a barrier on the skin to prevent water loss, and it is therefore used in moisturizing skincare products such as creams and lotions.

Mineral oils are fats of fossil origin, colorless, odorless and tasteless that come in different forms (oils, gels...). The most known mineral oils are petrolatum and paraffin oil.

To identify them in our products, take a look at the ingredients list on packaging. They can be found under names such as "mineral oil", "paraffinum liquidum", "petrolatum", "cera microcristallina", "microcrystalline wax", "ozokerite", "ceresine isoparaffin", "paraffin" and "synthetic wax".

Where do they come from?

There are two types: mineral synthetic oils, which are perfectly pure from their production, and mineral oils from petrochemicals. The latter are refined mineral oils that are obtained after the purification of fossil materials such as coal, crude oil or natural gas.

The mineral oils we use in our cosmetic products are of pharmaceutical grade and thus very pure.

What are they used for?

Mineral oils are used in skincare, hair care products and lipsticks for their multiple benefits.

They protect the skin from dehydration.
They are efficient for cleansing and for removing make-up.
They improve the quality of textures.

Why are they questioned?

The quality of mineral oils can be put into question due to the possible presence of impurities and polycyclic aromatic compounds that are cancerous. In food, mineral oils (which are saturated fats) can lead to cardiovascular risks.
In cosmetics, they are accused of being comedogenic and occlusive (which means they could block the pores of the skin).
From an environmental point of view, mineral oils - which are of fossil origin - are accused of not being assimilated by the environment after usage and that their use contributes to the depletion of natural resources.
Mineral oils are also regularly opposed to vegetable oils which are perceived as more environmentally friendly due to their renewability.

Facts:

• Mineral oils have been used in cosmetics for more than 100 years without having ever been associated with intolerance. They are very well tolerated and do not trigger any allergies, which allows them to be used on sensitive and fragile skin types.

• The mineral oils we use are of pharmaceutical and food grade. Thus, they do not contain polycyclic aromatic compounds.

• As part of our commitment to continuous improvement, we strive to keep on reducing the environmental impact of our formulas.

How do we use them?

The mineral oils we use are not only duly authorized, they also meet the highest standards in terms of purity, quality and safety.
We only use mineral oils of very high quality corresponding to food or pharmaceutical grades. These oils have a very high level of purity and are thus perfectly safe.
Mineral oils used in lipsticks and balms - although the amounts ingested are minimal - are of food grade - the highest level of purity.

They are very stable and do not grow rancid. Their properties are complementary to those of vegetable oils.
Mineral and vegetable oils each have specificities of their own, responding to different desired effects. They are not substitutable.

PHENOXYETHANOL Preservatives

Phenoxyethanol is a preservative used in some cosmetics to preserve product quality and guarantee consumer safety by preventing the growth of microbes.
To identify it in our products, take a look at the ingredients list on packaging. It can be found under the name “phenoxyethanol”.

Where does it come from?

In cosmetics, phenoxyethanol is of synthetic origin.
Phenoxyethanol can also come from nature and be found in plants such as chicory.

What is it used for?

Phenoxyethanol is used to preserve products from being contaminated:

- It has antifungal properties
- It prevents the contamination of products by microbes
- It boosts the efficacy of other preservatives and decreases the total amount of preservatives needed in a product

Why is it questioned?

Phenoxyethanol is accused of causing endocrine disruption and having effects on the blood and liver at extreme doses. Phenoxyethanol is also said to cause allergies though only very few cases have been observed.

The facts:

• The SCCS* from the European Commission reviewed the full data set available and concluded that the use of phenoxyethanol as a preservative at a concentration level of 1% in cosmetic products is safe for all consumer targets.**

• The studies that stirred controversy were conducted under high doses: the equivalent of 120 bottles of cream applied to the skin every day.

• Skin allergies are extremely rare: 1 case out of 1,000,000 users.

*Scientific Committee for Consumer Safety.
**The French National Agency for Medicine and Health Products Safety (ANSM) alone recommended not using phenoxyethanol in wipes or diaper area products.

Why and how do we use it?

We use the optimal concentration of phenoxyethanol, which is below 1%, to ensure our products remain safe and well protected against microbes, so they present no risk for the consumer.
As it is the case for all of our products, we always assess their quality and safety profile before they are placed on the market by internal and third party experts.

When it is present in our products, we label it clearly in the ingredients list on packaging.
We always inform our consumers in a transparent manner about the ingredients used in our products. Everywhere in the world we apply the EU regulations with regards to labelling.

Phenyl trimethiconeTexturing agent

Phenyl trimethicone helps maintain the skin in good condition.

PHENYLETHYL RESORCINOLActive ingredient

Phenylethyl resorcinol is known to lighten and brighten the skin. It is also a known antioxidant, and can therefore neutralizes free-radicals’ damages.
Phenylethyl resorcinol is therefore incorporated into various creams and serums that target and uneven skin tone.

Phytosteryl macadamiateActive ingredient

Phytosteryl macadamiate is used to maintain the skin in good condition.

Phytosteryl macadamiateActive ingredient

Phytosteryl macadamiate is used to maintain the skin in good condition.

PLANTAGO LANCEOLATA LEAF EXTRACTActive ingredient

PLANTAGO LANCEOLATA LEAF EXTRACT is an antimicrobial. It helps slow the growth of micro-organisms on the skin and counteracts the development of microbes

POLOXAMER 331 Emulsifier

Poloxamer 331 allows the bonding and stabilization of the 2 phases of a cosmetic formula (water and oil).

Poloxamer 338Emulsifier

Poloxamer 338 allows the bonding and stabilization of the 2 phases of a cosmetic formula (water and oil).

PolybuteneTexturing agent

Polybutene allows the cohesion of different cosmetic ingredients.

PolyethyleneTexturing agent

Polyethylene is used to thicken cosmetic formulas.

Polyglyceryl-2 isostearateEmulsifier

Polyglyceryl-2 isostearate allows the bonding and stabilization of the 2 phases of a cosmetic formula (water and oil).

Polyglyceryl-4 isostearateEmulsifier

Polyglyceryl-4 isostearate allows the bonding and stabilization of the 2 phases of a cosmetic formula (water and oil).

POLYGLYCERYL-5 LAURATE Emulsifier

Polyglyceryl-5 laurate is known as an emulsifying agent and a skin conditioning agent.

POLYGLYCERYL-6 POLYRICINOLEATEEmulsifier

Polyglyceryl-6 polyricinoleate is an oil used in cosmetic and personal care products such sunscreens. It is known to help mix together water and oil-based components to form a stable, uniform product.

Polygonum fagopyrum seed extractActive ingredient

Polygonium fagopyrum seed extract, or Buckwheat seed extract, helps maintain the skin in good condition.

Polymethyl methacrylateTexturing agent

Polymethyl methacrylate is a film-forming agent.

PolymethylsilsesquioxaneTexturing agent

Polymethylsilsesquioxane is an opacifying agent used to reduce the transparent or translucent aspect of cosmetic products.

POLYPROPYLSILSESQUIOXANETexturing agent

POLYPROPYLSILSESQUIOXANE is a silicone used to form a continuous film on the skin.

Polyquaternium-7Stabilizing agent

Polyquaternium-7 is used to form a continuous film on the skin or nails.

Polysilicone-11Texturing agent

Polysilicone-11 is used to form a continous film on the skin or nails.

POLYSORBATE 80 Texturing agent

Polysorbate 80 is used to stabilize a bi phase formula ( oil and water)

PolystyreneTexturing agent

Polystyrene is used to form a continous film over the skin, hair or nails.

Potassium cetyl phosphateEmulsifier

Potassium cetyl phosphate promotes the formation of intimate mixtures between immiscible liquids (water and oil) and facilitates a uniform application of the cosmetic product on the skin.

POTASSIUM CHLORIDETexturing agent

Potassium chloride is a naturally occurring salt used in water-based cosmetic and personal care products (such as creams or cream-texture make-up like mascara) to thicken the texture.

POTASSIUM HYDROXIDEStabilizing agent

Potassium hydroxide is a strong base used in small amounts in callus removal products. It is also used in a variety of other products to help control the pH level of the product.

POTASSIUM PCAStabilizing agent

Potassium PCA is the potassium salt of PCA (pyrrolidone carboxylic acid), a substance that’s a natural part of skin. Potassium is one of the minerals that helps water pathways within skin, ensuring balanced hydration levels.

PPG-2 BUTYL ETHEREmulsifier

PPG-2 BUTYL ETHER is a synthetic polymer used for its skin conditioning. It is also a solvent.

PPG-26-BUTETH-26Emulsifier

PPG-26-BUTETH-26 is a synthetic ingredient. It's functions is to conditioning the skin.

PPG-26-buteth-26Hydrating agent

PPG-26-buteth-26 is used to maintain the skin in good condition by preventing water loss.

PPG-3 myristyl etherHydrating agent

PPG-3 myristyl ether is used to maintain the skin in good condition by preventing water loss.

PPG-6-DECYLTETRADECETH-30Texturing agent

Ppg-6-decyltetradeceth-30 favours a uniform distribution of product when used. It is a surfactant and helps ingredients blend together and form a smooth and uniform product.

PROPANEDIOLTexturing agent

Propanediol helps to dissolve ingredients to create a uniform product. It is also used to alter the thickness of formulations, helping the product obtain its desired consistency.

Propylene carbonateTexturing agent

Propylene carbonate is used to solve other ingredients. It can also be used to adjust the viscosity of cosmetic products.

PROPYLENE GLYCOLTexturing agent

Propylene glycol is known to help dissolve ingredients and create a smooth and uniform product. It is also used to keep the product moist.

PROPYLPARABENPreservative

PROPYLPARABEN is used as a preservative. It Inhibits the development of microorganisms in cosmetic products.
Also used for perfume and aromatic raw materials

Parabens are preservatives used in some cosmetics to preserve product quality and guarantee consumer safety by preventing the growth of microbes.

To identify them in our products, take a look at the ingredients list on packaging. They can be found under names such as “methylparaben” or “propylparaben” among others.

Where do they come from?

In cosmetics, parabens are of synthetic origin.
Parabens also come from nature and are present in food items such as red fruits, carrots and royal jelly.

What are they used for?

Most hygiene and beauty products contain water, which makes them prone to the growth of harmful pathogens (fungal and bacterial) which could lead to mold, the breakdown of the product and more. Parabens have been used in medicine and cosmetics for close to a century.
Antifungal and antibacterial properties
Preventing contamination
Ensuring the product is safe for consumers

Why are they questioned?

A few non-clinical studies suggested that a certain type of parabens (long chain parabens) might cause endocrine disruption and breast cancer.

Facts:

• The most widely used group of preservatives in cosmetics are short-chain parabens. They are safe, gentle, and efficient preservatives.

• These facts are repeatedly confirmed by the EU’s Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety (SCCS).

Why and how do we use them?

We use short-chain parabens (methyl- and ethyl-) in an optimal concentration level to ensure our products are well protected against microbes, and that they can be safely used by consumers.
As it is the case for all of our products, those containing parabens undergo a strict evaluation of their quality and safety by internal and third party experts before they are placed on the market.

We are committed to using short-chain parabens only, which are recognized as perfectly safe by the EU’s Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety.
Short-chain parabens are well known to be safe preservatives.

Short-chain parabens are biodegradable.
They do not pose any threat to the environment

PRUNUS AMYGDALUS DULCIS (SWEET ALMOND) OILActive ingredient

Prunus amygdalus dulcis oil, also known as sweet almond oil is used in a variety of skincare products. The oil is known to add a healthy looking sheen to hair and skin. It is also known to be rich in vitamin E, an ingredient used in skin-care products for its antioxidant properties. Finally, it can be used to thicken or add body to a product.

PRUNUS ARMENIACA KERNEL OIL/ APRICOT KERNEL OILActive ingredient

Prunus armeiaca kernel oil/apricot kernel oil is a fixed oil extracted by pressure of the seeds of the apricot tree, Prunus armeniaca, Rosaceae. It is known for its skin nourishing properties.

PSEUDOALTEROMONAS FERMENT EXTRACTActive ingredient

Pseudoalteromonas ferment extract is a natural glycoprotein produced by the bacteria pseudoalteromonas. It helps the skin retain moisture and water.

RHAMNOSEActive ingredient

Rhamnose is a sugar known for its strengthening properties. It is mostly used in skincare and anti-ageing products and helps the skin retain its moisture.

ROSA GALLICA FLOWER EXTRACTActive ingredient

ROSA GALLICA FLOWER EXTRACT is a vegetal ingredient.Is it uses as an astringent . It helps tighten the pores of the skin and keeps the skin in good condition

RUSCUS ACULEATUS ROOT EXTRACT Active ingredient

Ruscus aculeatus root extract is a natural extract coming from the root of a shrub. Due to its astringent properties, it is used in facial day creams to soothe and protect the skin. The extract also help tighten the skin and pores and retain the natural moisture of the skin throughout the day.

Salicylic acidActive ingredient

Salicylic acid is a well known exfoliating agent. It is wildely used to remove dead cells from skin surface to get a smoother, softer and more radiant skin. It can aslo help stabilize the pH of cosmetic products.

SALIX ALBA BARK EXTRACT / WILLOW BARK EXTRACTActive ingredient

SALIX ALBA BARK EXTRACT / WILLOW BARK EXTRACT is a vegetale ingredient mainly use in skincare products. It allows to maintain the skin in a good condition and to tighten the pores

SESAMUM INDICUM (SESAME) SEED OILActive ingredient

Sesamum indicum seed oil, or sesame oil, is known to have great moisturizing and soothing qualities and is therefore a popular ingredient in moisturising creams. It is known to contain the antioxidant Vitamin E known to have antioxidant properties. Furthermore, the oil can help soothe the skin.

SILICA Active ingredient

Silicium dioxide is an opacifying, that helps mattify the skin.

SIMMONDSIA CHINENSIS (JOJOBA) SEED OILActive ingredient

Simmondsia chinensis seed oil, or jojoba oil, is obtained from the seeds of organically grown jojoba plants. The oil is known to be rich in vitamin E as well as several minerals, and also enforces the skins natural protective barrier which prevents moisture loss. Jojoba oil is used in a variety of skincare products such as balms and lotions, lipsticks, facemasks and lotions..

Sodium benzoatePreservative

Sodium hyaluronate is the salt form of hyaluronic acid which is naturally found in the skin. While the salt form retains the same properties as hyaluronic acid, its smaller molecular size facilitates absorption into the skin. With the capacity to hold 1000 times its weight in water, sodium hyaluronate is known to draw moisture from the environment and retain it in the skin. It is often found in skincare products such as anti-ageing creams but also in make-up.

What are preservatives?

Preservatives are substances of natural or synthetic origin whose main role is to prevent the development of microbes (bacteria and fungi). They are widely used to prevent microbial contamination of food, medicine or cosmetic products.
Parabens and phenoxyethanol are examples of preservatives.

Where do they come from?

Preservatives are most often synthetic substances of different chemical families (aldehydes, parabens, phenoxyethanol, organic acids).
They can also be of natural origin and chemically transformed (e.g: benzoic or salicylic acid).

What are they used for?

Preservatives are used in cosmetic products to preserve product quality and guarantee consumer safety by preventing the growth of microbes. A poorly protected and contaminated cosmetic product poses a risk to the consumer and can lead to irritations or infections.
Essential to ensure the protection of certain categories of products from microbial contamination that can occur during manufacturing or after repeated use.
Cosmetic products have a so-called long lifetime (6 to 24 months after opening) and, unlike perishable foods, are kept at room temperature.

Why are they questioned?

They are often accused of causing allergies, playing a role in the occurrence of certain cancers, and are singled out as endocrine disruptors.

Facts:

• The number and concentration of preservatives that can be used in cosmetic products are very limited and strictly regulated by numerous international regulations.

• The safety data of these preservatives are very often re-examined by the scientific experts of the international health authorities, in order to take into account the most recent studies.

• At this occasion, the concentrations that can be used in cosmetic products can be adjusted in order to eliminate the potential impacts on the consumer’s health.

Why and how do we use them?

We use a very limited number of selected preservatives for certain categories of products. Their concentrations are rigorously determined to guarantee the right level of microbiological protection of the product, in the strict respect of international regulations, while ensuring a perfect innocuity for the consumer.

We use different kinds of preservatives: if the same preservatives are constantly used, this leads to a higher exposure and therefore a higher risk of allergy for the consumer.

The preservatives used in organic products are of natural origin and chemically transformed. We already use some of them in our products, but given their intrinsic allergenic potential (increased risks of contact allergy), we want to gather more cosmetovigilance data before using them on a larger scale. In addition, their specific characteristics mean that they cannot be used in all formulations.

We are developing more and more specific packaging and new formulations that are not vulnerable to microbiological contamination.

SODIUM CHLORIDETexturing agent

Sodium chloride, or table salt, is known to be able to thicken water-based products and is used in a variety of products such as shampoos and creams to ensure a proper texture. It can also mask or reduce the odours of other ingredients.

SODIUM CHONDROITIN SULFATEActive ingredient

SODIUM CHONDROITIN SULFATE is a sodium salt known for its skin conditioning

SODIUM CITRATETexturing agent

Sodium citrate is used in a wide variety of cosmetics and skincare products. It is known to chelate metal ions, preventing them from leaving residue on the skin and protecting the product from microbe growth. Sodium citrate can also help adjust and maintain the desired pH level.

SODIUM COCOAMPHOACETATE Emulsifier


Sodium cocoamphoacetate is an amphoteric type surfactant derived from coconut oil. It have foaming properties

Sodium cocoyl glut+D338+3+334:342Emulsifier

Sodium Cocoyl Glutamate is made from coconut oil and glutamate. It allows the bonding and stabilization of the 2 phases of a cosmetic formula (water and oil).

Sodium cocoyl glycinateEmulsifier

Sodium cocoyl glycinate allows the bonding and stabilization of the 2 phases of a cosmetic formula (water and oil). It can also be used as a mild cleanser.

Sodium cocoyl sarcosinateEmulsifier

Sodium cocoyl sarcosinate allows the bonding and stabilization of the 2 phases of a cosmetic formula (water and oil). It can also be used as a mild cleanser.

Sodium dehydroacetatePreservative

Sodium benzoate is used a preservative by inhibiting the development of microorganisms in cosmetic products (antifungal).

What are preservatives?

Preservatives are substances of natural or synthetic origin whose main role is to prevent the development of microbes (bacteria and fungi). They are widely used to prevent microbial contamination of food, medicine or cosmetic products.
Parabens and phenoxyethanol are examples of preservatives.

Where do they come from?

Preservatives are most often synthetic substances of different chemical families (aldehydes, parabens, phenoxyethanol, organic acids).
They can also be of natural origin and chemically transformed (e.g: benzoic or salicylic acid).

What are they used for?

Preservatives are used in cosmetic products to preserve product quality and guarantee consumer safety by preventing the growth of microbes. A poorly protected and contaminated cosmetic product poses a risk to the consumer and can lead to irritations or infections.

Essential to ensure the protection of certain categories of products from microbial contamination that can occur during manufacturing or after repeated use.

Cosmetic products have a so-called long lifetime (6 to 24 months after opening) and, unlike perishable foods, are kept at room temperature.

Why are they questioned?

They are often accused of causing allergies, playing a role in the occurrence of certain cancers, and are singled out as endocrine disruptors.

Facts:

• The number and concentration of preservatives that can be used in cosmetic products are very limited and strictly regulated by numerous international regulations.

• The safety data of these preservatives are very often re-examined by the scientific experts of the international health authorities, in order to take into account the most recent studies.

• At this occasion, the concentrations that can be used in cosmetic products can be adjusted in order to eliminate the potential impacts on the consumer’s health.

Why and how do we use them?

We use a very limited number of selected preservatives for certain categories of products. Their concentrations are rigorously determined to guarantee the right level of microbiological protection of the product, in the strict respect of international regulations, while ensuring a perfect innocuity for the consumer.

We use different kinds of preservatives: if the same preservatives are constantly used, this leads to a higher exposure and therefore a higher risk of allergy for the consumer.

The preservatives used in organic products are of natural origin and chemically transformed. We already use some of them in our products, but given their intrinsic allergenic potential (increased risks of contact allergy), we want to gather more cosmetovigilance data before using them on a larger scale. In addition, their specific characteristics mean that they cannot be used in all formulations.

We are developing more and more specific packaging and new formulations that are not vulnerable to microbiological contamination.

SODIUM HYALURONATEactive ingredients

Sodium hyaluronate is the salt form of hyaluronic acid which is naturally found in the skin. While the salt form retains the same properties as hyaluronic acid, its smaller molecular size facilitates absorption into the skin. With the capacity to hold 1000 times its weight in water, sodium hyaluronate is known to draw moisture from the environment and retain it in the skin. It is often found in skincare products such as anti-ageing creams but also in make-up.

SODIUM HYDROXIDEStabilizing agent

Sodium hydroxide is a alkaline agent which is added in small doses to several different personal care products. It can be used to stabilize or adjust the pH of a product so that it is more stable or better matches the pH of the skin. It helps to stabilize the formula.

SODIUM LACTATEStabilizing agent

Sodium lactate is the sodium salt of lactic acid found in a variety of skincare products. Found in makeup remover and moisturizers, it helps regulate pH levels and retain skin moisture. It also helps remove dead skin cells at the surface of the skin.

Sodium laureth sulfateEmulsifier

Sulphates are ingredients that create the foaming effect of shampoos and shower gels for example and that help rid the skin and hair of soiling.

To identify them in our products, take a look at the ingredients list on packaging. They can be found under names such as "sodium lauryl sulphate" (SLS), "sodium laureth sulphate" (SLES), "ammonium lauryl sulphate". The most commonly used ones are SLS and SLES.

Where do they come from?

In cosmetics, sulphates are of synthetic origin.
Sulphates are ingredients synthesized in the laboratory from fatty alcohol. We only use fatty alcohols of vegetable origin.

What are they used for?

Sodium Laureth Sulphate (SLES) allows the bonding and stabilization of the 2 phases of a cosmetic formula (water and oil). It can also be used as a cleansing agent and as a foaming agent.

Sulphates are used in cosmetic products such as shower gels, exfoliants, shampoos, conditioners, facial cleansing gels, liquid hand soaps, personal hygiene products, toothpastes, thanks to their benefits:

- Cleaning and foaming agent
- Easy to rinse
- Clean sensation

Why are they questioned?

Sulphates are accused of causing irritation or dryness. They are said to remove part of the protective hydrolipidic film naturally present on skin and scalp. Sulphates can also sting when in contact with the eyes.
Lastly, the supply of fatty-chain alcohols, which are at the origin of sulphates, is questioned as they could be derived from palm oil. The methods of obtaining certain sulphates can lack eco-friendliness.

Facts:

• Sulphates, which are destined for use in rinse-off products, do not persist in the environment.

• Because we only use them in products that are rinsed with water, the risk of irritation is very low.

Why and how do we use them?

Sulphates are always used at the right concentration to ensure the efficiency of our products without any compromise on skin or scalp tolerance.
Sulphates, especially sodium lauryl sulphate (SLS), have been used safely in our shampoos since 1930.

We only use sulphates in our rinse-off products. These products can be used without any fear of skin or scalp irritation as the contact with the skin is very short.
We offer products specifically for sensitive skin that are labeled as such. To meet the expectations of certain consumers, we also offer sulphate-free formulas.

We guarantee a sustainable supply of our sulphates and favor the use of those that have a lower environmental impact. We try to propose formulas that are as biodegradable as possible (> 90%) and also use a selection of softer sulphates, even natural ones.

Sodium laureth-12 sulfateEmulsifier

Sodium laureth-12 sulfate allows the bonding and stabilization of the 2 phases of a cosmetic formula (water and oil). It can also be used as a cleansing agent and as a foaming agent.

SODIUM LIGNOSULFONATEEmulsifier

SODIUM LIGNOSULFONATE is a surfactant. It reduces the surface tension of cosmetics and contributes to the even distribution of the product when it is used

Sodium methyl stearoyl taurateEmulsifier

Sodium methyl stearoyl taurate sulfate allows the bonding and stabilization of the 2 phases of a cosmetic formula (water and oil). It can also be used as a cleansing agent and as a foaming agent.

SODIUM SACCHARINTexturing agent

Sodium saccharin is a synthetic sweetener known to be about 300 times sweeter than sugar. It is used as a flavouring agent in the formulation of dental products, mouthwash and lipstick. It can also be used to mask the odours of other ingredients.

Sorbic acidPreservative

Sorbic acid is used a preservative by inhibiting the development of microorganisms in cosmetic products.

What are preservatives?

Preservatives are substances of natural or synthetic origin whose main role is to prevent the development of microbes (bacteria and fungi). They are widely used to prevent microbial contamination of food, medicine or cosmetic products.
Parabens and phenoxyethanol are examples of preservatives.

Where do they come from?

Preservatives are most often synthetic substances of different chemical families (aldehydes, parabens, phenoxyethanol, organic acids).
They can also be of natural origin and chemically transformed (e.g: benzoic or salicylic acid).

What are they used for?

Preservatives are used in cosmetic products to preserve product quality and guarantee consumer safety by preventing the growth of microbes. A poorly protected and contaminated cosmetic product poses a risk to the consumer and can lead to irritations or infections.

Essential to ensure the protection of certain categories of products from microbial contamination that can occur during manufacturing or after repeated use.

Cosmetic products have a so-called long lifetime (6 to 24 months after opening) and, unlike perishable foods, are kept at room temperature.

Why are they questioned?

They are often accused of causing allergies, playing a role in the occurrence of certain cancers, and are singled out as endocrine disruptors.

Facts:

• The number and concentration of preservatives that can be used in cosmetic products are very limited and strictly regulated by numerous international regulations.

• The safety data of these preservatives are very often re-examined by the scientific experts of the international health authorities, in order to take into account the most recent studies.

• At this occasion, the concentrations that can be used in cosmetic products can be adjusted in order to eliminate the potential impacts on the consumer’s health.

Why and how do we use them?

We use a very limited number of selected preservatives for certain categories of products. Their concentrations are rigorously determined to guarantee the right level of microbiological protection of the product, in the strict respect of international regulations, while ensuring a perfect innocuity for the consumer.

We use different kinds of preservatives: if the same preservatives are constantly used, this leads to a higher exposure and therefore a higher risk of allergy for the consumer.

The preservatives used in organic products are of natural origin and chemically transformed. We already use some of them in our products, but given their intrinsic allergenic potential (increased risks of contact allergy), we want to gather more cosmetovigilance data before using them on a larger scale. In addition, their specific characteristics mean that they cannot be used in all formulations.

We are developing more and more specific packaging and new formulations that are not vulnerable to microbiological contamination.

Sorbitan isostearateEmulsifier

Sorbitan isostearate promotes the formation of intimate mixtures between immiscible liquids (water and oil) stabilizing cosmetic formulas and contributes to an uniform product spreading on the skin.

SORBITAN OLEATEEmulsifier

Sorbitan oleate is made by combining sorbitan, a sugar derivative, with oleic acid, an important fatty acid for the skin. It is known for acting as an emulsifier and keeping the oil and water parts of the formulations mixed in a stable product blend.

Sorbitan sesquioleateEmulsifier

Sorbitan sesquioleate allows the bonding and stabilization of the 2 phases of a cosmetic formula (water and oil).

Sorbitan stearateEmulsifier

Sorbitan stearate allows the bonding and stabilization of the 2 phases of a cosmetic formula (water and oil).

Sorbitan stearateEmulsifier

Sorbitan stearate allows the bonding and stabilization of the 2 phases of a cosmetic formula (water and oil).

SORBITOLtexturing agent

Sorbitol is a naturally occurring sugar alcohol known to keep the skin hydrated by preventing loss of the skin’s natural moisture. It can also help thicken products and ensure a good texture.

SQUALANEHydrating agent

Squalane is known to restore natural fat to dry skin and form a protective layer on it which locks in moisture and gives long-lasting hydration. The squalane in our products is 100% from vegetal sources.

Stearalkonium hectoriteStabilizing agent

Stearalkonium hectorite comes in the form of a white, creamy powder. It is a suspending agent which allows the dispersion of solids in liquids.

Steareth-20Emulsifier

Steareth-20 allows the bonding and stabilization of the 2 phases of a cosmetic formula (water and oil). It can also be used as a mild cleanser.

STEARIC ACIDHydrating agent

Stearic acid is one of the most common saturated fatty acids found in nature. It is used in cosmetic products for its moisturizing properties.

Stearyl dimethiconeHydrating agent

Stearyl dimethicone is used to maintain the skin in good condition by preventing water loss.

STEARYL GLYCYRRHETINATEHydrating agent

Stearyl Glycyrrhetinate is known as a Skin conditioning and a soothing. It helps lighten the discomfort of the skin.

Styrene/acrylates/ammonium methacrylate copolymerTexturing agent

Styrene/acrylates/ammonium methacrylate copolymer can be used to thicken cosmetic formulas or to form a continous film on the skin or nails.

Sucrose cocoateEmulsifier

Sucrose cocoate allows the bonding and stabilization of the 2 phases of a cosmetic formula (water and oil).

Sucrose laurate Texturing agent

Sucrose Laurate allows the bonding and stabilization of the 2 phases of a cosmetic formula (water and oil). It can also be used as a mild cleansing agent or to thicken the product.

Sucrose palmitateHydrating agent

Sucrose palmitate allows the bonding and stabilization of the 2 phases of cosmetic formulas (water and oil). It also helps maintain the skin in good condition by preventing water loss.

Sucrose stearateHydrating agent

Sucrose stearate allows the bonding and stabilization of the 2 phases of cosmetic formulas (water and oil). It also helps maintain the skin in good condition by preventing water loss.

Synthetic beeswaxTexturing agent

Synthetic beeswax promotes the emulsification process and stabilize cosmetic emulsions. It can also be used to thicken cosmetic formulas.

Synthetic fluorphlogopiteColorant / pigment

Synthetic fluorphlogophite is a synthetic version of mica. It gives a glittery shimmer to the products.

SYNTHETIC FLUORPHLOGOPITE Texturing agent

Synthetic fluorphlogophite is a synthetic version of the mica mineral. It gives a glittery shimmer to the products.

TALCTexturing agent

Talcum is a natural mineral from the same family as clays. It has been known and used as a skin care ingredient since antiquity. It is historically used for its absorbing properties.

Talc is a natural mineral from the same family as clays. It has been known and used as a skin care ingredient since the Antiquity. It is historically used for its absorbing properties.

To identify it in our products, take a look at the ingredients list on packaging. It can be found under the name “talc”.

Where does it come from?

In cosmetics, talc can be of natural origin and in some cases synthetic.
Talc is obtained by powder reduction and purification of magnesium silicate, a naturally occurring crystalline mineral.

What is it used for?

Talc is used in a large number of cosmetic products such as antiperspirants, powdered foundation, feminine hygiene products or baby care, for its multiple properties and benefits:
For the skin: absorbing properties, transparency, soft and silky finish
In formulation: for long lasting fragrances, better adherence of textures, efficient to disperse pigments

Why is it questioned?

Talc is accused of being carcinogenic when used in feminine hygiene products, due to the possible presence of asbestos traces in it – which are known to be carcinogenic to humans when inhaled. Talc powder is also accused of causing irritation. Lastly, talc sourcing can be controversial as the revenues coming from talc supplies originating from Pakistan and Afghanistan could contribute to the financing of terrorist groups, due to an opaque and poorly regulated mining.

Facts:

• Giorgio Armani Beauty does not market feminine hygiene products.

• We only offer two products in the form of talc powder, and all precautions of use are indicated on the packaging so they are used in a safe way by our consumers.

• Regarding talc sourcing: the talc we use mainly comes from France and Italy. We do not source talc from Afghanistan or Pakistan.

Why and how do we use it?

The talc we use is of high quality, guaranteeing the absence of risk for bronchopulmonary cancers.
As part of our continuous improvement process, we have developed a quality commitment with our raw material suppliers to guarantee the absence of asbestos traces in the talc we use.

The precautions of use of talc are clearly indicated on the packaging of our products.
Because it can cause irritation when inhaled, talcum powder must be used with caution.

Our talc mainly comes from France and Italy. 99,94% of the talc we source is from secured origin. We do not source talc from Afghanistan or Pakistan.
Responsible sourcing is at the heart of our purchasing policy, in line with our values - integrity, respect and transparency. Our teams strive to always improve our control over the talc supply chain.

Tamarindus indica seed oilHydrating agent

Tamarindus indica seed oil is used to maintain the skin in good condition by preventing water loss and helps soften the skin.

T-BUTYL ALCOHOL Texturing agent

T-butyl alcohol is a synthetic ingredient and it's use as a solvant.

TEREPHTHALYLIDENE DICAMPHOR SULFONIC ACIDUV filters

Terephthalylidene dicamphor sulfonic acid is an organic compound known to be able to absorb as an ultraviolet (UV) light and is therefore used in various sunscreens to protect the skin from sun damage. It is known to cover the entire spectrum of UVA radiation, absorbing UVA rays and releasing their energy as harmless heat.

TETRASODIUM EDTATexturing agent

EDTA or ethylene diamine tetra-acetic acid is a chelator that is widely used in cosmetic products.
To identify it in our products, take a look at the ingredients list on packaging. It can be found under the names: “calcium disodium EDTA”, “diammonium EDTA”, “dipotassium EDTA”, “disodium EDTA”, “disodium EDTA-copper”, “trisodium EDTA”.

Where does it come from?

EDTA is a synthetic ingredient.
It is formulated in the laboratory.

What is it used for?

EDTA acts as a chelator. It “grabs” metal ions that can affect the stability and / or appearance of cosmetic products.
EDTA is used to counter the hardness of water in rinse-off products.
It helps avoid the precipitation of certain ions (calcium, magnesium...) in order to ensure the quality and preservations of products

Why is it questioned?

EDTA is accused of causing irritation when in contact with the eyes and eczema. There are some concerns regarding the persistence and bioaccumulation in the environment, given the widespread use of EDTA.

Facts:

• There exists a lot of data on EDTA. Its safe use in cosmetics for decades is well reported.

• At the concentration level it is used in our products, EDTA is a very well tolerated ingredient and allergy cases are very rare.

Why and how do we use it?

We work with our suppliers to limit the use of EDTA to protect the raw materials we use.

In a process of continuous improvement, we are working to reduce or substitute EDTA present in our formulas when possible, while guaranteeing the same level of quality and product performance.

TIN OXIDETexturing agent

Tin oxide is used to improve the appearance of the products by making them more opaque and adding a pearlescent shine to them.

Titanium dioxide [nano]/ titanium dioxide Colorant / pigment

Titanium dioxide is a naturally occurring mineral which is known to have UV reflection and UV absorption properties. It can also be used to colour cosmetic products or the skin.

To identify titanium dioxide in our products, take a look at the ingredients list on packaging. It can be found under the names "titanium dioxide", "titanium dioxide [nano.]", "CI 77891".

Where does it come from?

In cosmetics, titanium dioxide is used either as a sun filter or as a white pigment.
Titanium dioxide is a white powder obtained by transformation of mineral compounds extracted from rocks.

What is titanium dioxide used for?

Titanium dioxide has many applications in food or in cosmetics, especially for:

- Its white colouring properties.
- Its ultraviolet filtration properties.

Why is it questioned?

Titanium dioxide used as a food additive is currently subject to discussions because of its impact in case of oral exposure (or ingestion) - a different use from that of cosmetics.
The controversy around titanium dioxide is linked to the fact that the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has classified titanium dioxide as a possible carcinogen for humans by inhalation.
Titanium dioxide is also suspected of crossing the skin barrier when applied in nanometric form on injured skin.
Lastly, there is a debate on the contamination of the environment by titanium dioxide in nanometric form, especially in aquatic ecosystems (plankton).

Facts :

• In sunscreens and beauty products, titanium dioxide nanoparticles have been assessed by the Scientific Committee for Consumer Safety (SCCS), which has approved their use as anti-UV, with a maximum concentration of 25%*.

• Whatever its size (nanometric or not), titanium dioxide does not penetrate the skin. More information here and there

*Opinion on Titanium Dioxide (nano form)” Report, COLIPA n° S75 (SCCS /1516/13), April 2014

Why and how do we use titanium dioxide?

When it serves as a sun filter, it is in nanometric form, so it is more efficient. In its other uses, it is used in non-nanometric form.
We use titanium dioxide in nanometric form only when it improves the product performance - quality, comfort, texture. When we use titanium dioxide in nanometric form, it is clearly indicated on the product packaging.

We only use nanometric titanium dioxide in products that cannot be inhaled or swallowed. We do not use it in aerosols or lip products.
All of our products undergo a strict evaluation of their quality and safety before they are placed on the market. This is a fundamental principle that we apply anywhere in the world.

The type of titanium dioxide used in cosmetics does not impact plankton in the aquatic environment.
This type should not be confused with other types of titanium dioxide used in products other than cosmetics.

TOCOPHEROLActive ingredient

Tocopherol, also known as vitamin E, is a potent antioxidant used in various cosmetic products (skin care, makeup, sunscreen). Tocopherol acts as an antioxidant and can protect the skin from free radical damage. It also has moisturizing properties and can act as a masking agent to reduce or mask the odour of other ingredients.

TOCOPHERYL ACETATEActive ingredient

Tocopheryl acetate is an ester of vitamin E (tocopherol) often found in skincare products. When applied, the tocopheryl acetate penetrates into the skin, where it is partly converted to free tocopherol which is an antioxidant. It is known to fight free radicals damage. In cosmetics, the tocopheryl acetate helps ensure a longer shelf life for the product by helping reduce oxidative degradation.

TREHALOSE Active ingredient

Trehalose is a naturally occurring saccharide present in a wide variety of plant, enabling survival in the harshest climatic conditions. It provides high moisture retention and have odor suppression properties.

TRIBEHENINTexturing agent

Tribehenin is known to be effective at thickening emulsions, but can also help moisturize the skin in a skincare product.

TRIETHANOLAMINE Stabilizing agent

Triethanolamine is a strong base often used in cosmetics to balance pH as having the correct pH is good for the health of the skin and hair. The pH can also be important for the stability of other ingredients in cosmetics. Triethanolamine can also be added to help improve the stability of a product through its dual action of adjusting the pH and acting as an emulsifier to ensure that the different ingredients don’t separate or crystallize.

TriethoxycaprylylsilaneStabilizing agent

Triethoxycaprylylsilane allows the cohesion of different cosmetic ingredients. It is mainly used in powdered cosmetics.

TRIETHOXYSILYLETHYL POLYDIMETHYLSILOXYETHYL DIMETHICONETexturing agent

TRIETHOXYSILYLETHYL POLYDIMETHYLSILOXYETHYL DIMETHICONE is used to maintain the skin in good condition.

TriethylhexanoinOdour masking agent

Triethylhexanoin is used to cover unpleasant smells in cosmetic products.

TRIHYDROXYSTEARINTexturing agent

Trihydroxystearin is composed of glycerin and the fatty acid, hydroxystearic acid. It is used in cosmetics and personal care products such as liquid foundations and concealers, as it is known to thicken the products. Once applied on the skin, it decreases loss of moisture from the skin by forming a barrier on the skin's surface.

TRIMETHYLSILOXYPHENYL DIMETHICONETexturing agent

TRIMETHYLSILOXYPHENYL DIMETHICONE is a silicone mainly use for lips cosmetics.

Trimethylsiloxysilicate Hydrating agent

Trimethylsiloxysilicate is used to maintain the skin in good condition by preventing water loss. It also helps soften and smooth the skin.

Tris-BHT mesityleneStabilizing agent

Tris-BHT mesitylene inhibits reactions promoted by oxygen, avoiding oxidation and rancidity.

TRISODIUM ETHYLENEDIAMINE DISUCCINATEtexturing agent

Trisodium ethylenediamine disuccinate is used in skincare formulations such as moisturisers to bind and neutralize metal ions that would normally affect the stability and appearance of a product.

TROMETHAMINEStabilizing agent

Tromethamine is a mild base used in several lotions and creams as a pH-stabilizer to prevent acids from changing the pH. Maintaining the correct pH level is important for the stability of a product and the activity of active ingredients.

UNDECANEConditioning agent

Undecan is an emollient agent, it promotes the spreading of textures.

Vinyl dimethicone/methicone silsesquioxane crosspolymerTexturing agent

Vinyl dimethicone/methicone silsesquioxane crosspolymer is used to thicken cosmetic formulas.

VP/eicosene copolymerTexturing agent Stabilizing agent

VP/eicosene copolymer allows the cohesion of different ingredients and helps thicken cosmetic formulas.

XANTHAN GUMStabilizing agent

Coming from simple sugars, Xanthan gum is used to thicken products and form gels, but can also help stabilize emulsions.

ZEA MAYS (CORN) GERM OILhydrating agent

Zea mays germ oil, or simply corn oil, is an oil that is frequently used in skincare formulations such as creams and lotions. It is known to help the skin lock in moisture and is considered an excellent moisturiser rendering the skin soft.

Zea mays starchStabilizing agent

Zea mays starch, also known as Corn starch, can be used as an absorbent. It can also be used to ensure the fluidity of solid particles and limits their agglomeration in powdered cosmetic products.

ZINC GLUCONATEFragrance ingredient

Zinc gluconate is a salt known for its properties to prevent unpleasant smells. The salt can release zinc which is an antioxidant. It is also known for soothing the skin.

TO KNOW MORE

Discover below a selection of articles answering the questions about Armani beauty’s products and ingredients.

  • CATEGORIES OF INGREDIENTS USED IN ARMANY BEAUTY PRODUCTS AND THEIR FUNCTIONS

    All the ingredients categories used in Armani beauty products are safe and have undergone a rigorous scientific evaluation of their safety by internal experts and third-party experts. They are listed on the product or its packaging, and on the brand’s website.

    Active ingredients
    Active ingredients carry out an action on the skin with the results they intend to deliver, and these are tested and proven through a variety of studies. They can be from natural, nature identical, synthetic or chemical origin. For example, hyaluronic acid is an active ingredient used in products such as anti-ageing creams to help delay visible signs of skin ageing.

    Emulsifiers
    Emulsifiers are used to combine different types of liquids such as water and oil. They are agents that form or preserve a formula in order to prevent the different ingredients from separating, and thus obtain a stable and homogenous formula.

    Stabilizers
    Stabilizers contribute in maintaining the emulsified state of a cosmetic formula. They are agents that are added to a solution, a mixture or a suspension to maintain it in a stable state.
    More specifically, the presence of a stabilizer allows a product not to alter over time, in terms of its properties, appearance or texture.

    Moisturizers
    Moisturizers are cosmetic ingredients that add or restore moisture of the skin (upper layer) when the finished product is applied.

    Texturizers
    Texturizers are additives incorporated in a cosmetic formula in order to modify, adapt or adjust physically and/or visually the texture of the finished product.

    Preservatives
    Preservatives are antimicrobial agents. Their function is to prevent the growth of microorganisms (such as bacteria or fungi) or unwanted chemical reactions (such as oxidation) that could alter the product. Preservatives are essential to guarantee the good conservation of products and avoid possible contaminations. For example, phenoxyethanol and parabens are efficient and safe preservatives that are particularly suitable for cosmetic use to prevent products from being contaminated by microbes or bacteria.

    Colorants and pigments
    Colorants are colored or fluorescent organic substances which give color to a substrate by selective absorption of light. They are usually soluble. Pigments are colored organic or inorganic solids which are usually insoluble.

    Sun filters
    Sun filters (also called UV filters) are ingredients that absorb or reflect UV rays from sunlight or artificial light. Sun filters are essential to protect the skin from the harmful effects of the sun (such as skin cancer and premature ageing). Sun filters can also be used to protect products and their ingredients as well as packaging.

    Fragrances
    Fragrances are complex combinations of natural and/or man-made substances that are added to many consumer products to give them a distinctive smell. Fragrances are used in a wide variety of products to provide a pleasant smell, mask the inherent undesirable smell of certain ingredients, and enhance the sensorial experience of using the product.
  • ARMANI BEAUTY’S COMMITMENTS TO PRODUCT SAFETY

    To ensure its products are perfectly safe, Armani beauty go through an in-depth 4-step evaluation process that begins at the earliest stages of product conception and continues once the products have been released to market.

    In-depth knowledge of raw materials that compose Armani beauty products
    The safety evaluation of a product always starts with a deep knowledge of the raw materials used. Having a perfect understanding of their quality, origin, or allergenic potential, among other facts, is possible thanks to the available best-in-class scientific data, as well as thorough tests carried out by internal experts.

    Assessment of the use of raw materials in Armani beauty’s products
    This step is essential in product safety evaluation. It consists in evaluating the potential intrinsic hazard of each raw material by a set of key parameters, linked to the exposure of the human body to these raw materials, which will enable its safe use in the finished product.
    These weighing factors incorporate first and foremost the product category. Thus, the exposure will be different between rinse-off products and leave-on products after use (such as skincare products), or between products applied to the full body (like body milk) and those applied to a smaller area (like mascara). The weighing factors also include the frequency of product use and certain consumer characteristics which impose certain restrictions (products for sensitive skin, for example).
    Following this stage, a maximum safe concentration of each raw material in the product is determined. In order to ensure a wide safety margin for the consumer, the concentrations in the finished product are always at least 100 times lower than the no-effect dose.

    Confirmation of product tolerance via a wide range of tests
    Once the fact that each raw material can be used under doses that present no risk to the consumer has been verified, the safety of the finished product under normal or foreseeable conditions of use (while taking into account possible misuses) is confirmed in order to detect even the smallest undesirable effect for the consumer. To do so, an analysis comparing Armani beauty’s new products with the brand’s extensive existing clinical database is conducted. They are also subjected to complementary in vitro safety tests and clinical tests conducted on healthy volunteers constituting particular consumer groups (people with sensitive skin for example). The studies are always conducted in specialized third-party laboratories and research centers, and are undertaken within a strict methodological and ethical framework. When this last stage has been successfully completed, the individual in charge of the safety assessment is in a position to finalize and sign the product safety report, which will then be included in the regulatory dossier on the product.
    In addition to this thorough amont process, a fourth step occurs once the finished product has been released to market and is commercialized.

    Continuous monitoring of Armani beauty’s products after their release to market
    Armani beauty carries out a strict monitoring of the security of its products as soon as they are released to market, and this is the case everywhere in the world. This is possible thanks to the brand’s international cosmetic safety monitoring network which collects and analyzes the possible undesirable effects after use of its products, reported by consumers or healthcare professionals. Indeed, as an example, it can happen that a person develops an allergy to an ingredient that is perfectly safe for the rest of the population. In case of unwanted effects, even very benign or reported by a small number of consumers, Armani beauty can decide to adjust product composition, in order to ensure that consumers are confident in using Armani beauty’s products.
  • QUALITY AT THE HEART OF ARMANI BEAUTY’S PRODUCTS

    Every day, Armani beauty strives to reach industrial and operational excellence. Quality is at the center of everything the brand undertakes. Armani beauty’s goal is to always provide consumers with cosmetic products that correspond to the highest quality standards.

    Quality at the heart from design to sourcing of raw materials and packaging, manufacturing and distribution

    Raw materials
    To manufacture a quality cosmetic product, a meticulous selection of high-caliber raw materials and packaging is essential. That is why Armani beauty takes time to select the best raw materials and packaging for its products, making sure they are all of the finest quality and in line with consumers’ expectations.

    Suppliers
    To ensure raw materials are of impeccable quality for its consumers, Armani beauty strives to work with the best suppliers. To identify them, the brand performs exhaustive quality audits which enable it to work only with known and trusted suppliers. Armani beauty’s close relationships with suppliers give the brand control over the reliability and traceability of raw materials and packaging, and mean that the history of products places on the market is known. It also enables to ensure that the quality of the raw materials and packaging is both fitting and in line with the latest regulatory standards.

    Packaging
    Armani beauty also strictly controls the quality of the final packaging, which plays an active role in the beauty experience. This involves multiple laboratory tests. To ensure the finest possible product quality, all raw materials and packaging are checked one more time when they enter the plant prior to manufacturing.

    Finished products
    Armani beauty’s teams make sure that the formula is compatible with its packaging. Taking the example of a mascara, the brand does not only check the product itself but also the brush that goes with it. The friction of the brush against its case for instance is tested.

    Resistance

    Armani beauty runs tests at its plants and distribution locations prior to delivery to make sure that products have stood up to possible shocks and are still perfectly intact.
    At each step, Armani beauty is very demanding, and its quality requirements apply at every level: in each subsidiary and every product produced. Armani beauty’s staff follows strict in-house standards that exceed by far the regulatory requirements. The brand aims at making sure its products are perfect at every stage of production. Over the course of the production cycle, every product is subject to about 100 quality controls.

    Harnessing technological advances to enhance quality
    To ensure the very best product quality, Armani beauty stays at the forefront in terms of technology. This is why the brand’s plants integrate an ever-increasing number of ultra-modern technologies from the 4.0 Industry. A prime example is the Lassigny plant in France, which in recent years has been using cobots (smart, collaborative robots) that allow employees to save valuable time, leaving them free to focus on quality control and improving their know-how.
  • THE COSMETIC PRODUCTS REGULATION

    Armani beauty respects the strictest regulations in the world and strives to go beyond whenever it is possible.

    Compliance with the strictest cosmetic regulation in the world
    Armani beauty always complies with the European cosmetics regulation, which is the strictest, wherever the brand markets its products. This regulation evolves on a regular basis to take into account scientific progress. Decisions are taken by the health authorities of the Member States based on proposals from the European Commission. They rely on the opinion of independent European experts who gather within the European Scientific Committee for Consumer Safety (SCCS).
    Regarding Armani beauty’s product communications for example, any of them whether they are made on behalf of Armani Beauty, directly or by third-parties, complies with local laws, self-regulation codes of good practices, and Armani beauty’s principles and Code of Ethics.

    Beyond the regulation whenever it is possible
    Armani beauty’s endeavor is to go beyond the regulation and answer to its consumers’ expectations and the evolutions observed. There are certain allowed ingredients that the brand chooses not to use as they do not meet its own criteria. All these initiatives were taken while the international regulations allowed these substances to be used.
    Furthermore, in January 2014, Armani beauty committed to eliminate all plastic microbeads from its rinse-off products before the end of 2017. This commitment was achieved in January 2017, almost one year before the regulation required the industry to do so. The cosmetic industry is also acting proactively on that matter as often recalled by Cosmetics Europe, though it is said to be an extremely minor potential contributor to the total amount of aquatic plastic litter.
  • ANIMAL TESTING AND ALTERNATIVE METHODS

    Armani beauty consumers’ health and safety have always been an absolute priority. As is the support of animal welfare. Armani beauty does not test any of its products or any of its ingredients on animals and has been at the forefront of alternative methods for over 30 years.

    Armani beauty has developed a very rigorous safety evaluation procedure of its products, backed by Research. Well before the question of animal testing was raised by civil society or within a regulatory framework, the brand has been committed to new methods of assessing safety that do not involve animals. As part of L’Oréal Group and its Episkin centers in Lyon (France) and Shanghai (China), Armani beauty is using reconstructed skin models in laboratories to elaborate in vitro safety tests as an alternative to animals. In addition to skin models, Armani beauty has a large number of non-animal predictive assessment tools, such as molecular modeling, expert toxicology systems, imaging techniques and many more.
    In 1989, L’Oréal completely ceased testing its products on animals, thus 14 years before the regulation required so. Today, Armani beauty no longer tests its ingredients on animals and no longer tolerates any exception to this rule.
    Certain health authorities may nevertheless decide to conduct animal tests themselves for certain cosmetic products, as it is still the case in China. L’Oréal has been the most active company working alongside the Chinese authorities and scientists for over 10 years to have alternative testing methods recognized and permit the cosmetic regulation to evolve towards a total and definite elimination of animal testing. Thanks to this, since 2014, certain products manufactured and sold in China like body wash or certain make-up products are no longer tested on animals.
  • BEAUTY APPS

    Consumers today use apps on a daily basis, with many that can help them make more informed consumption choices. In recent years, consumers have access to apps to scan beauty products to obtain information, so they can make choices that are best for them when it comes to beauty and hygiene.

    How do these apps work?
    A scanner in the app enables to recognize and analyze a given product or ingredient and relies on a database to provide advice. Some apps rely on shared and participatory databases (such as Open Beauty Facts), while others have their own database. Each app provides an algorithmic evaluation on a given product or its ingredients that can take the form of a grade or a color code (red being a poor grade and green being satisfactory for example).

    How do these apps recognize a cosmetic product?
    Several components are used such as:
    • the barcode: The barcode of the product (also called EAN13 code) is not primarily intended to identify cosmetic products. In fact, it aims at providing logistical information to the retailer such as the size and weight of a product or specific conditions for preservation. It should be noted that the composition of cosmetic products can change regularly, for example to take into account regulatory changes and evolutions. However, the barcode of a product does not necessarily change. Different formulas of the same cosmetic product with an identical barcode can therefore be on the market at the same time. Thus, the scan of a product via the barcode can lead to the analysis of a product different from the one the consumer has in hand, attributing ingredients that could potentially not even be present in the formula.
    • the ingredients: It is sometimes possible to scan the list of ingredients using a graphic recognition system that allows to identify them. An ingredient can also be typed in the search engine of some apps.
    • the product name, a range or a brand: In certain apps, the user can carry out a search by product name, product range name or brand. It’s worth noting that the names can differ depending on the countries where the products are available/sold.

    What if the app does not recognize the scanned product?
    When the app does not "recognize" the product, it means that the information is not accessible in the database used. The consumer can in this case enter the information (photograph, list of ingredients) manually. It is then up to the app editor to take into account or not this information.

    Databases are the support of apps
    In order to work, apps use data coming from either participatory databases or proprietary databases. Open Beauty Facts is the most used participatory database for beauty. It allows any user to contribute by adding or modifying data in different ways: photograph of the list of ingredients, manual entry of ingredients and product characteristics, etc.

    Armani beauty’s position on beauty apps
    Armani beauty carefully studied the various beauty apps to understand their methodologies and the sources used.
    Currently, the product ratings from these apps are essentially based on the presence or absence of ingredients deemed "undesirable" and do not take into account the concentration level of the various ingredients used. The safety assessment of a cosmetic product cannot be solely based on the presence or absence of certain ingredients. It is crucial that the information used to develop these apps is scientifically robust. Moreover, the ratings can differ from one app to another for a same product, and are thus contradictory.
    Armani beauty is committed to ensure its consumers receive information that is reliable from a scientific and health perspective. This is why the brand intends to continue providing consumers with qualitative and complete information on its products and their ingredients. Armani beauty remains committed to providing products that are absolutely safe to consumers. Armani beauty will never compromise on the quality and efficiency of its products, and the sincerity of its communications.
  • PREGNANT WOMEN

    At Armani beauty laboratories is tailored the brand’s safety assessment to this specific consumer population. The majority of its products can be used safely by pregnant women, unless otherwise indicated by the gynecologist. In the event of doubt, Armani beauty recommends asking a doctor.

    PRESERVATIVES

    What are they?
    Preservatives are substances of natural or synthetic origin whose main role is to prevent the development of microbes (bacteria and fungi). They are widely used to prevent microbial contamination of food, medicine or cosmetic products. Parabens and phenoxyethanol are examples of preservatives.

    Where do they come from?
    Preservatives are most often synthetic substances of different chemical families (aldehydes, parabens, phenoxyethanol, organic acids). They can also be of natural origin and chemically transformed (e.g: benzoic or salicylic acid).

    What are they used for?
    Preservatives are used in cosmetic products to preserve product quality and guarantee consumer safety by preventing the growth of microbes. A poorly protected and contaminated cosmetic product poses a risk to the consumer and can lead to irritations or infections. Essential to ensure the protection of certain categories of products from microbial contamination that can occur during manufacturing or after repeated use. Cosmetic products have a so-called long lifetime (6 to 24 months after opening) and, unlike perishable foods, are kept at room temperature.

    Why are they questioned?
    They are often accused of causing allergies, playing a role in the occurrence of certain cancers, and are singled out as endocrine disruptors.

    Facts
    The number and concentration of preservatives that can be used in cosmetic products are very limited and strictly regulated by numerous international regulations. The safety data of these preservatives are very often re-examined by the scientific experts of the international health authorities, in order to take into account the most recent studies. At this occasion, the concentrations that can be used in cosmetic products can be adjusted in order to eliminate the potential impacts on the consumer’s health.

    Why and how does Armani beauty use them?
    Armani beauty uses a very limited number of selected preservatives for certain categories of products. Their concentrations are rigorously determined to guarantee the right level of microbiological protection of the product, in the strict respect of international regulations, while ensuring a perfect innocuity for the consumer. Armani beauty uses different kinds of preservatives: if the same preservatives are constantly used, this leads to a higher exposure and therefore a higher risk of allergy for the consumer.
    The preservatives used in organic products are of natural origin and chemically transformed. Armani beauty already uses some of them in its products, but given their intrinsic allergenic potential (increased risks of contact allergy), the brand wants to gather more cosmetovigilance data before using them on a larger scale. In addition, their specific characteristics mean that they cannot be used in all formulations.
    Armani beauty is developing more and more specific packaging and new formulations that are not vulnerable to microbiological contamination.
  • ALCOHOLS IN COSMETICS

    Armani beauty does not use synthetic alcohol in its products. The alcohol used has a good environmental profile: it is sustainable, respects biodiversity and is not ecotoxic.

    What is alcohol in cosmetics?
    The alcohol used in cosmetic products is denatured alcohol (also called denatured ethanol) to alter the taste and avoid misuse. In Armani beauty’s products, it appears in the list of ingredients on the packaging, under the name "ALCOHOL DENAT. "or "ALCOHOL". Not to be confused with fatty alcohols (cetyl alcohol for example), which appear on the list of ingredients with the word ALCOHOL always preceded by a term ending in "yl".

    Where does it come from?
    Denatured alcohol is obtained by fermenting sugar starch (beet or sugar cane) or by synthesis.

    Why is it used?
    Alcohol may be present in many categories of cosmetic and hygiene products, foundations, perfumes and deodorants. In cosmetics, alcohol is used for its high volatility (it disappears immediately after application), its drying, refreshing and antimicrobial properties. It facilitates the penetration of active ingredients into the superficial layers of the skin and promotes the deposit of ingredients on the skin. For example, in make-up, it improves the deposit of foundation pigments on the skin. It is a very useful hydrolysing agent that helps dissolve certain ingredients.

    Why is it questioned?
    Denatured alcohol is sometimes perceived as irritating and drying.

    Facts
    Because it evaporates rapidly, skin contact time with denatured alcohol is very short. Armani beauty uses it in its products in non-irritating concentrations and this is systematically checked in all the product categories concerned.

    What is it used for in Armani beauty products?
    Used in almost all categories of its product, the quantity of alcohol in Armani beauty’s products varies according to the type of product concerned. For example, alcohol is the main ingredient in perfume and eau de toilette formulations. Armani beauty also uses denatured alcohol in products certified as organic or natural for its antimicrobial properties, in association with the preservatives authorized by organic labels.
  • ALLERGENS

    Allergens are foreign substances to the body that can cause in some individuals, after contact, an exaggerated response of the immune system called "allergy".

    What are allergens?
    There are several types of allergies among which the best known are :
    • Immediate allergy mainly of food origin but also aerial or due to venoms, which can be very severe with expressions that go from skin rashes to anaphylactic shock
    • Delayed allergy, or contact allergy, which results in skin symptoms (redness, itching...) that are more or less extended around the contact area with the allergen.

    Where do they come from?
    Allergens are substances that are naturally present in the environment and food. For example, pollen or mites in dust can cause asthma. Peanuts and some dry fruits, shrimp, kiwis are well known to cause potentially serious allergic reactions. Finally, synthetic ingredients can also be allergenic; this is the case of certain perfumes.

    Why are they questioned?
    Cosmetic products can sometimes cause allergic reactions, mainly called contact allergies.

    Facts
    • These reactions are generally located where the product was applied and completely reversible when the product use is stopped. They may require a consultation with a dermatologist and an appropriate treatment.
    • If a dermatologist diagnoses an allergy to one of Armani beauty products, the brand provides him/her with the ingredients that compose it so that he/she can test it and determine the possible allergy of the patient. More suitable products can then be chosen.
    • With regards to cosmetics, the only study that exists shows that the number of cases of true allergy (i.e. confirmed by a dermatologist) in the general population is estimated at 0.1- 0.2%.

    Why and how are they used in Armani beauty products?
    The ingredients used in Armani beauty products have all been rigorously evaluated regarding their allergenic potential. When the safety of a cosmetic product is assessed before it is placed on the market, the brand checks that the ingredients are used in such conditions that they will not induce any allergy.
    Armani beauty products are subject to dedicated tests to check the absence of allergic reactions when used. This rigorous approach is applied to all the products developed by the brand.
    The complete list of ingredients in a product allows consumers who already know they are sensitized or allergic to a specific ingredient to choose products that do not contain it. Armani beauty proposes a method of detecting a potential allergy before using the product.
  • ENDOCRINE DISRUPTORS

    A growing concern, endocrine disruption is very often confused with the notion of endocrine modulation, where a substance interacts with the hormonal system without disrupting it.

    This endocrine modulation is quite benign to human and environmental health under the conditions of use of the substance in question: its level in the finished product, the area of application or the frequency of use. For example, many consumers consume coffee, chocolate or soy, and yet these substances are well known to interact with the hormonal system. In the quantities conventionally consumed, it is known that coffee, chocolate or soy are usually harmless to health.

    Definition of an endocrine disruptor
    The definition given by the WHO (World Health Organization) is as follows: “an endocrine disruptor is a substance or mixture of substances, which alters the functions of the endocrine system and thereby induces adverse effects in an intact organism, its offspring or in (sub)populations”.
    Therefore, an ingredient is declared as an endocrine disruptor if, and only if:
    • a direct causal link is established between the ingredient and hormonal deregulation, and
    • adverse effects on the hormonal system have been observed in humans and/or wildlife.
    Let us take the example of parabens, such as methylparaben and ethylparaben: an endocrine modulation effect is indeed observed, but it does not lead to harmful effects for humans and/or nature. They are therefore not endocrine disruptors, but endocrine modulators.

    Armani beauty’s commitments
    Today, Armani beauty does not use any ingredient defined as an endocrine disruptor by the WHO, and none of its ingredients cause adverse effects to humans or to environmental health, under the conditions in which they are used: concentration in the finished product, area and frequency of application. If there is any doubt or scientific evidence of an adverse effect of Armani beauty’s ingredients, resulting from interaction with the hormonal system, the brand removes it from its products.
    After 15 years of developing knowledge and robust scientific methods, Armani beauty have set up an important platform of predictive tests to ensure the safety of its consumers and to protect the environment. These tests allow the brand to detect if any ingredients interact with different hormone receptors.
    Armani beauty’s Research & Innovation division continues to conduct research into modulation and endocrine disruption, in partnership with external researchers such as Dr. Patrick Balaguer from the National Institute of Health and Medical Research (INSERM, Montpellier) or through the FEATS project in partnership with the National Institute of Industrial Environment and Risks (INERIS) and the European ERGO project. This is funded by the European Commission and brings together international academic partners, industry professionals and representatives of regulatory authorities.

    The position of the European Commission
    Under the European Cosmetics Regulation, the European Commission has identified 28 substances suspected of being endocrine disruptors. The Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety (SCCS) is responsible for examining their possible endocrine activity that could be harmful for consumer safety. A first group of 14 substances is being prioritized for action in 2020. Armani beauty is committed to taking appropriate action as soon as the brand learns of the results of this study.
    Consumer safety is Armani beauty’s top priority. All its ingredients and products are systematically subjected to a strict safety and quality evaluation.
  • ESSENTIAL OIL

    What are they?
    An essential oil is an odorous, volatile substance of liquid consistency, extracted from the flowers, stems, roots or leaves of plants. It is not an oil in the chemical sense of the term, like vegetable oils (olive oil, almond oil or sunflower oil), which are fatty substances with an oily texture.
    Essential oils are naturally present in most plants in minute quantities. They are used by the plant to defend itself and attract pollinating insects. Only aromatic plants produce large quantities of essential oils.

    Where do they come from?
    Essential oils are extracted by steam distillation for aromatic plants or by cold pressing for citrus fruits.
    Steam distillation is a process that consists of recovering the essential oil contained in the plant using steam. This process generates 2 products: the essential oil and the hydrolate, frequently called "floral water". Cold pressing is a mechanical process to collect the essential oil found in the peel of citrus fruits (called "pericarp").

    Why are they used?
    Essential oils are widely used in cosmetics, perfumes, cleaning products, home fragrances, and food as a flavoring. They are known to have relaxing, stimulating, antiseptic, bactericidal, decongestant, soothing, antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory properties. They have been scientifically proven to have benefits for the skin: anti-oxidant, purifying, soothing, lightening and anti-aging. Essential oils must always be used diluted and never pure. They are diluted mainly in vegetable oils or used in formulation bases.
    • Anti-oxidant
    • Soothing
    • Lightening and anti-aging

    Why are they being questioned?
    Pure essential oils are highly concentrated and contain compounds that may cause potential irritation, allergy or phototoxicity, i.e. cause a skin reaction when exposed to the sun. Some of them like lavender and tea tree are suspected to be endocrine disruptors. Others are classified as toxic to the environment.

    Facts
    • An ingredient may have an irritant potential when used neat, but has no risk at the concentrations and under the conditions under which it is used in the cosmetic product. To ensure the final product containing essential oils is well tolerated, clinical tests are carried out on volunteers in independent centres that have signed a very strict ethical charter.
    • Essential oils such as fragrances may contain some potentially allergenic compounds. These allergens are mentioned in the list of ingredients, to inform potentially allergic consumers. In the conditions cosmetic products containing essential oils are used, the risk of allergy is minimised by taking account of the concentration of the essential oil in the product, the area of application and the frequency of use.
    • The risk of phototoxicity is taken into account in the formulation and safety evaluation of the products, by selecting essential oils for which the concentration of phototoxic substances, such as furocoumarins for example, has been greatly reduced.
    • According to the World Health Organization (WHO) definition, lavender and tea tree essential oils are not endocrine disruptors. There is one study that calls these two oils into question. However, it has been questioned by the scientific community, in particular the SCCS (Scientific Committee for Consumer Safety) which considered that it implausible that these essential oils be endocrine disrupters.
    • As essential oils are volatile and used in low doses in formulations, their potential impact on the environment is low.

    How are they used in Armani beauty products?
    Armani beauty uses essential oils as cosmetic ingredients in its formulas. They are used in its skincare products for their antioxidant, purifying, soothing, lightening and anti-aging benefits. The brand does not use essential oils in its products indicated as "hypoallergenic". Sensitive skin is not synonymous with allergic skin.
    Armani beauty therefore adapts its cosmetic products containing essential oils to sensitive skins, and makes sure that they are well tolerated locally. The concentration of essential oil in Armani beauty products enables them to be used safely.
    Essential oils are very active ingredients that should only be used in very low concentrations, and this concentration differs according to the nature of the essential oils. Like all Armani beauty products, those containing essential oils are systematically subject to a strict evaluation of their quality and safety for humans and the environment.
  • HEAVY METALS

    What are heavy metals?
    Heavy metals are naturally occurring metallic or metalloid elements, including arsenic [As], cadmium [Cd], chromium [Cr], lead [Pb], mercury [Hg], antimony [Sb], cobalt [Co] and nickel [Ni].
    They occur naturally in the soil and in the earth’s crust and in trace amounts in the environment.
    Good industrial practice does not prevent the residual presence of minute and unavoidable traces of metal in drinking water, food and consumer products, including cosmetics. They may therefore be present in ingredients of natural mineral origin such as pigments used as colorants or mineral fillers such as clays.
    Regular quality control allows us to monitor traces of heavy metals in Armani beauty products and to guarantee that they do not represent, in this state of trace, any risk to the health of the consumer. Regulations on heavy metals vary from country to country. Armani beauty’s regulatory requirements exceed most local regulations in many countries.
    The European Cosmetics Regulation (Articles 3 and 17) also allows the unintentional presence of a small quantity of such a substance when this presence is technically unavoidable in compliance with good manufacturing practice and, of course, when it is evaluated without risk to the health of the consumer.

    Specific case of lead
    Lead is a heavy metal banned for use as an ingredient in all cosmetic regulations worldwide. The threshold authorizing its presence at unavoidable trace levels may vary according to country regulations. In accordance with regulations, Armani beauty does not use any ingredients intentionally containing lead or lead derivatives in its cosmetic products.
    However, minute traces of lead are found in consumers’ daily environment. It can therefore also be found in cosmetic products. Pigments and colouring agents of mineral origin, used for example in lipsticks, may naturally contain minute traces of lead. Armani beauty systematically checks that these technically unavoidable traces do not pose a risk to human health.
    For example, the minute traces of lead in a lipstick represent an exposure for a person one thousand times lower than the daily individual consumption of drinking water in the United States that meets EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) criteria.
    In 2012, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) published a study in the Journal of Cosmetic Science confirming that lipsticks do not pose a health risk to the millions of people who use them every day. All levels of lead detected by the FDA in its study are below the levels recommended for cosmetic products by international health authorities.
    All the products manufactured, distributed and marketed by Armani beauty comply with FDA regulations, the European Cosmetic Regulation and the consumer safety requirements of the authorities of the countries in which the brand operates. As is the case with all its products, lipsticks are systematically subjected to a strict evaluation of their quality and safety. This is a fundamental principle that Armani beauty applies throughout the world.
  • NANOPARTICLES

    What are nanoparticles?
    The nanoparticles Armani beauty uses are tiny versions of the same safe ingredients that the brand has been using for decades. The only difference is that they are used at an extremely small scale, the nanometric scale (1 millimetre = 1,000,000 nanometres). All ingredients present in the form of nanomaterials are clearly indicated in the list of ingredients on packaging. The names of such ingredients are followed by the word “nano” in brackets: [nano.]

    Which ones does Armani beauty uses?
    Armani beauty only uses 4 ingredients at the nanometric scale:
    • Nano titanium dioxide
    • Nano zinc oxide
    • Nano carbon black
    • Nano silica

    What are they used for?
    Nanoparticles are used safely for their unique cosmetic benefits:
    • Increase the level of sun protection and avoid white marks on skin (nano titanium dioxide & nano zinc oxide)
    • Deliver the best product texture and provide a matte finish on skin (nano silica)
    • Increase the black intensity in mascara (nano carbon black)

    Why are they questioned?
    Nanoparticles are subject to controversy due to their possible impact when applied on damaged skin, and their potential toxicity in the event where they are ingested or inhaled (due to their small size).

    Fact
    Nanomaterials are deemed safe for cosmetic use by the EU’s Scientific Committee for Consumer Safety (SCCS). Consumers can find more information here.

    Why and how does Armani beauty use them?
    Armani beauty only uses nanoparticles when they enhance product performance: provide a higher quality and comfort, a better texture, a greater colour intensity. The nanoparticles used are perfectly safe, as confirmed by the SCCS. Armani beauty beauty uses nanoparticles in products that are not inhaled or ingested. They are not used in lipsticks or aerosols. And the nanoparticles used cannot penetrate the skin, including damaged skin.
    When nanoparticles are present in Armani beauty cosmetic products, the brand always informs its consumers in a transparent way. The brand applies the highest EU regulations everywhere in the world by labelling nanoparticles as [nano.] in the ingredients list.
  • SUN FILTERS

    Sun filters are essential ingredients that protect the skin from sun damage and prevent the risks of skin cancer such as melanoma as well as sunburn, premature aging of the skin, or the appearance of spots.

    What are sun filters?
    Organic filters absorb UVA and UVB rays, while mineral filters reflect mainly UVB radiation. Each sun filter provides a specific type of protection, which is why sunscreen products or daily photo-protection products (day cream with SPF) are usually composed of a combination of filters to guarantee the most adapted protection. To identify sun filters in Armani beauty products, the ingredients list is available on packaging. They can be found under the names "mexoryl", "octocrylene", "tinosorb" (organic filters), "titanium dioxide", "zinc oxide" (mineral filters).

    Where do they come from?
    Sun filters consist of mineral compounds (originating from rocks and which reflect UV rays) or organic compounds (originating from carbon and which absorb UV rays) that are transformed to obtain sunscreens.

    What are they used for? Sun filters are ingredients used in sunscreen and skincare products to protect the skin from sun damage. Sunscreens prevent the risk of skin cancer by protecting the skin from UVA and UVB rays. They protect against skin reactions and sunburns, and protect the skin from premature ageing by preventing UVA rays from penetrating deeper into the skin.

    Why are they questioned? Certain organic filters are accused of causing allergies, while others are pointed out as being endocrine disruptors. Mineral filters - when in nanometric form - are suspected of crossing biological barriers like the skin or mucous membranes, and spreading into the body, causing certain types of cancer. Lastly, sun filters are said to impact the environment and in particular coral reefs.

    Facts
    • Sun filters are not endocrine disruptors according to the definition of the World Health Organization, whose role is to direct and coordinate international health within the United Nations.
    • In nanometric form, they are safe, as confirmed by the EU Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety (SCCS), and do not cross the skin barrier.
    • Lastly, according to the scientific community, they do not contribute to the bleaching of coral reefs. This phenomenon is mainly due to the rise in temperature of oceans linked to global warming. Secondary reasons are overfishing, the poor purification of urban effluents or the water streaming on agricultural surfaces that pollute the lagoons.

    Why and how does Armani beauty use them?
    Armani beauty uses sun filters only in products where they are required to protect the skin from sun damage (skin cancer, sunburn, premature aging of the skin, appearance of spots).
    A regular application of sunscreen helps maintain the protective effects on skin. Armani beauty develops various products and textures (sprays, mists, etc.), encouraging consumers to use sunscreen and reapply them as often as necessary. Armani beauty always chooses a combination and quantity of filters that provide both an optimal level of protection and tolerance, coupled with a minimal environmental impact.
    All of the brand’s products undergo a strict evaluation of their quality and safety for humans as well as for the environment before they are placed on the market. This is a fundamental principle that Armani beauty applies anywhere in the world.
    For more than 20 years, Armani beauty’s environmental research laboratory has been working to understand and always improve the impact of its sunscreen products on the aquatic environment.
    To benefit from the latest scientific advances, Armani beauty collaborates with research teams of excellence such as the Monaco Scientific Center, the Criobe and the Tara Foundation. In fact, the Monaco Scientific Center and Armani beauty Research & Innovation have just published their findings on the absence of harmful effects of UV filters used in cosmetics on the photosynthetic activity of corals.

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